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NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science History Chapter 8 - Devotional Paths To The Divine

Check here the NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History Chapter 8 - Devotional Paths To The Divine. Download the best-explained answers to help you in the effective preparation of exams.

Jul 10, 2020 21:07 IST
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NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science History Chapter 8
NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science History Chapter 8

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science History Chapter 8 - Devotional Paths To The Divine are provided here to help you learn all the concepts easily and effectively. We have provided here accurate and simple answers to all questions given in chapter 8 of the latest NCERT Book for Class 7 History. You can easily download all the questions and answers in PDF format form the link provided below in this article.

Check below the NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History Chapter 8 - Devotional Paths To The Divine:

Let’s Recall

1. Match the following:

The Buddha

Namghar

Shankaradeva

Worship of Vishnu

Nizamuddin Auliya

questioned social differences

Nayanars

Sufi saint

Alvars

Worship of Shiva

Answer:

The Buddha

questioned social differences

Shankaradeva

Namghar

Nizamuddin Auliya

Sufi saint

Nayanars

Worship of Shiva

Alvars

Worship of Vishnu

2. Fill in the blanks:

(a) Shankara was an advocate of ________.

(b) Ramanuja was influenced by the ________.

(c) ________, ________ and ________ were advocates of Virashaivism.

(d) ________ was an important centre of the Bhakti tradition in Maharashtra.

Answer: 

(a) Shankara was an advocate of Advaita.

(b) Ramanuja was influenced by the Alvars.

(c) BasavannaAllama Prabhu and Akkamahadevi were advocates of Virashaivism.

(d) Vitthala temple was an important centre of the Bhakti tradition in Maharashtra.

3. Describe the beliefs and practices of the Nathpanthis, Siddhas and Yogis.

Answer: 

Nathpanthis, Siddhas and Yogis criticised the rituals, conventional religion and the social order, using simple, logical arguments.  They advocated renunciation of the world. They believed that the path to salvation lay in meditation on the formless God and the realisation of oneness with it. Therefore, they advocated intense training of the mind and body through practices like Yogasanas, breathing exercises and meditation. These groups became particularly popular among “low” castes. They contributed towards the popularity of devotional religion in northern India through their criticism of conventional religion.

4. What were the major ideas expressed by Kabir? How did he express these?

Answer: 

Kabir was one of the most influential saints of his period. His teachings were based on a complete rejection of the major religious traditions. He believed in a formless Supreme God. He believed that the only path to salvation was through bhakti or devotion. His teachings openly ridiculed all forms of external worship professed by Hinduism and Islam. He also ridiculed the supremacy of the priestly classes and the caste system.

Kabir expressed his ideas in a vast collection of verses known as sakhis and pads. Some of these were later collected and preserved in the Guru Granth Sahib, Panch Vani and Bijak.

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Let’s Understand

5. What were the major beliefs and practices of the Sufis?

Answer: 

The Sufis were Muslim mystics. They rejected outward religiosity. They emphasised love and devotion to God. They inspired people to be compassionate towards all fellow human beings. They rejected the elaborate rituals and codes of behaviour demanded by Muslim religious scholars. They sought a complete union with God just like a lover seeks his beloved without thinking about the world. The Sufis composed poems expressing their feelings. They developed elaborate methods of training using ‘Zikr'(chanting of a name or sacred formula), contemplation, sama (singing), raqs (dancing), discussion of parables, breath control, etc. All these methods were practiced under the guidance of a master or pit.

6. Why do you think many teachers rejected prevalent religious beliefs and practices?

Answer: 

Many teachers rejected prevalent religious beliefs and practices because all such beliefs advocated social differences. They believed in the power of personal devotion and supported the idea of a Supreme God. They believed that the only path to salvation was through bhakti or devotion.

7. What were the major teachings of Baba Guru Nanak?

Answer: 

Major teachings of Baba Guru Nanak were as follows:

  • Baba Guru Nanak insisted on the importance of the worship of one true God.
  • He believed that caste, creed or gender was irrelevant in the context of a true liberation from worldly matters.
  • According to him, liberation was not a state of inert bliss but the pursuit of an active life with a strong sense of social commitment.
  • He spread his teaching with a motto of ‘nam, dan, insane’ , which meant right worship, social welfare and purity of conduct.
  • His teachings are now remembered as nam-japna, kirt-karna and vandchhakna, which means worship of god, honest living, and helping or sharing with others.
  • Thus, Baba Guru Nanak promoted the idea of equality..

Let’s Discuss

8. For either the Virashaivas or the saints of Maharashtra, discuss their attitude towards caste.

Answer: 

Both the Virshaivas as well as the saints of Maharashtra rejected social inequality and caste differences. They strongly opposed the Brahmanical ideas about caste and the treatment of women. They were also against all forms of ritual and idol worship.

9. Why do you think ordinary people preserved the memory of Mirabai?

Answer: 

Mirabai was a Rajput princess. She was married into the royal family of Mewar. But she had no interest in the worldly affair. She became a disciple of Ravidas, a saint from a caste considered “untouchable”. She was devoted to Lord Krishna and composed many bhajans expressing her intensely felt devotion to the almighty. She was away from the princely status and the charm of high class society. Her songs openly challenged the norms of the “upper” castes. Due to her true devotion to her deity, ordinary people preserved the memory of Mirabai.

Download all the NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History Chapter 8 from the following link:

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History Our Past II Chapter 8

To download all chapters of Class 7 Social Science Textbook, click on the following link:

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science - History, Geography & Civics

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