UPSC IAS Main 2013 General Studies Paper II: Tips and Strategy

IAS Main 2013 will start from 1st December

IAS Main 2013 will start from 1st December and this will be the first occasion when the IAS Main exam will be conducted according to new syllabus. The general Studies paper II is concerned with the overall political structure of our country. The candidates can find the complete syllabus at The General Studies Paper II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations) is a comprehensive paper which will cover all the issues emanating from the political structure of the country.
First thing first, the paper is concerned with the development, and framing of our constitution. What was the basic mandate of our founding fathers and the objectives behind the provisions of the constitution of our country. It will include all the current Bills and Acts which are pending and passed by the Parliament of India and their implications on the whole country.  The paper will ask the analytical questions regarding the political culture of the country. Some section of syllabus also provides glimpse about the continuing and emerging relationship of Executive, Judiciary and the Legislature of India.
This paper will ask about the issues aroused due to our quasi federal structure of governance. The separation of Powers between Union and State Government. The Fundamental dispute redressal mechanism given in the Constitution is the Supreme Court.  The syllabus also demands the knowledge of Union and State Legislature, its working, powers and responsibilities. The basic knowledge of the constitution is must for this paper.
Recently the changes made and the interpretation of the Representation of People’s Act, 1951. The syllabus explicitly mention about the salient features of this act. It also requires the knowledge of structure, mandate and functioning of Constitutional Bodies, Quasi-Judicial Bodies, Extra Constitutional Bodies, Statutory Bodies and the likes such as Election Commission, Planning Commission, Finance Commission, Information Commission, Insurance Regulatory and Development Commission, Central Administrative Tribunal and the other similar bodies.
 It also mention about the appointment of various constitutional posts, their power, functions and responsibilities such as Comptroller and Accountant General(CAG), Solicitor General of India, Attorney General of State and the similar bodies.
The candidates are also required to know about the existing relationship of Self Help Groups, Non-Governmental Organisation with the public service and public functionaries. The syllabus also mention about the various schemes operated by the Union and State Government. It requires the understanding of the current socio-economic happenings in the Indian Society and the impact of such social welfare schemes on the most vulnerable section of the society.
This Paper includes all the issues related to the political culture of the country. In addition to this it is an extension of the India’s interaction with the outer world. This paper focuses on the regional groupings and the relations with the neighbourhood. It means it will ask about the regional groupings such as ASEAN, SAARC, SCO and the likes.

The best books to read are the Constitution of India (Bare Act), Constitution of India by DD Basu specially for the making of the Constitution, Federal Structure, Fundamental Rights, Fundamental Duties, Emergency Provisions. The candidates can also rely on the Book ‘Indian Polity’ by Laxmikant for its simple, comprehensive and easy to understand coverage of Indian Political structure. World Focus will be required for the current Indian relations with its neighbours and the world powers. For the Social welfare schemes of the government the candidate should read the India Year Book and the Economic Survey. The NCERT book ’India and the contemporary world’ will be helpful for the international institutions.

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