Micro finance is a banking service that gives opportunity to low income individuals/Unemployed to become self dependant by providing those means to save money, borrowing money and insurance. It is a way to promote employment, economic development with the help of micro businesses & micro entrepreneurs.
Micro finance offers many opportunities to the non-profit sector but also comes with some qualities that make it a unique form of philanthropy. For delivering financial services to the clients, there are mainly two mechanisms: -
i. Relationship based banking
ii. Group based models –where a group of individuals apply for loans or other financial services.
Under Micro financing, there are basically following products: -
i. Income generation Loan (IGL):- the purpose of this loan is to generate income & assets.
ii. Mid-term loan: - It is same as IGL and available at the middle of IGL.
iii. Emergency Loan:- Its purpose is to deal with all emergencies such as health, funerals etc.
iv. Individual Loan: - It also focuses on asset & income generation.
Apart from that, there are some restrictions regarding the usage of money:-
- Payments of other loans or other debts.
- Production of tobacco and liquor.
- Forming turnover capital of trade and intermediary business.
- for gambling or entertainment services for the population