21 October 2013: Global Iodine Deficiency Disorders Prevention Day
Global Iodine Deficiency Disorders Prevention Day was observed on 21 October 2013 across the world to create awareness of the need to prevent iodine deficiency.
presently, one third of the world population is exposed to the risk of iodine deficiency disorders. Over 740 million people in 130 countries are facing the health problem.
In India, more than six core people are suffering from iodine deficiency disorders including endemic goiter and 88 lakh people from mental or motor handicaps.
Importance of Iodine
A lack of iodine in the diet may lead to mental retardation, goitre, or thyroid disease.
Iodine is required for the synthesis of the thyroid hormones like T- 4 and T-3 and it is essential for normal growth, development and well-being of all humans.
It is a micronutrient and normally required around 100 to 150 micrograms for normal growth and development.
In 1984, the Government of India adopted a policy decision with the goal of Universal Iodization of Salt. The sustained efforts of Salt Commissionerate over the last two decades in implementing the policy initiatives and the cooperation of the salt manufacturwers have resulted in significant progresss on Salt Iodisation Status in the country.
The National Iodine Deficiency Disorders Control Programme has been included in the Prime Minister's 20-point programme.
Where: Across the world
When: 21 October 2013