Government to roll out initiative for prevention & control of viral hepatitis
The Union Health Ministry has decided to roll out an initiative for prevention and control of viral hepatitis. Viral hepatitis is recognised as a public health problem worldwide. India is committed to eliminating the disease by 2030.
The Union Health Ministry has decided to roll out an initiative for prevention and control of viral hepatitis.
The information was shared by Union Health Minister J P Nadda through a tweet on April 20, 2018. Nadda stated that the National Health Mission (NHM) has decided to roll out 'Integrated initiative for prevention & control of viral hepatitis' with a budget of more than 517 crore rupees for a period of three years.
What is Viral hepatitis?
It is liver inflammation due to a viral infection. It may present in acute or chronic forms.
The most common causes of viral hepatitis are the five unrelated hepatotropic viruses hepatitis A, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, hepatitis D and hepatitis E.
Most of the common hepatitis types are preventable and treatable. While Hepatitis A and hepatitis B can be prevented by vaccination, effective treatments are available for hepatitis C.
• Under the initiative, the Health Ministry has decided to establish a state coordination unit under the state NHM for efficient rollout of the programme in 26 large and four small states.
• The Ministry is also planning to set up 50 state laboratories for assisting in diagnosis and training of the district hospitals for screening of hepatitis.
• It intends to scale up to 100 treatment and 665 testing centres over a period of next three years.
• The initiative would address aspects including surveillance, awareness generation, immunisation, safe blood, injection safety infection control, capacity building, research and monitoring and diagnosis of viral hepatitis.
• The ministry has also proposed to establish 15 model treatment centres, which will function as referral centres for diagnosis and treatment of hepatitis C and assist in capacity building.
• Viral hepatitis is reported to be a global public health problem.
• In 2013 about 1.5 million people died from viral hepatitis. Most deaths were caused due to hepatitis B and hepatitis C and East Asia was one of the world’s most affected regions.
• India is committed to eliminating the disease by 2030.