India replaces Japan to be world’s second largest steel producer

India's crude steel production in 2018 was at 106.5 MT, which is up by 4.9 per cent from 101.5 MT in 2017.

Jan 30, 2019 12:34 IST
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India has replaced Japan as the world's second-largest steel producing country, only behind China, which is the largest producer of crude steel accounting for more than 51 per cent of production, as per the latest report by World Steel Association.

The report noted that India's crude steel production in 2018 was at 106.5 MT, which is up by 4.9 per cent from 101.5 MT in 2017.

Key Highlights

The rise in India’s crude steel production in 2018 means that India has replaced Japan as the world's second-largest steel producing country, as Japan produced 104.3 MT in 2018, which is down by 0.3 per cent as compared to 2017.

On the other hand, China's crude steel output jumped by 6.6 per cent to 928.3 MT in 2018 from 870.9 MT in 2017. China's share also increased from 50.3 per cent in 2017 to 51.3 per cent in 2018.

The global crude steel production reached 1808.6 MT for the year 2018 from 1729.8 MT in 2017, displaying a rise of 4.6 per cent.

The other nations in the list of top 10 steel producing countries include the United States, which is at the 4th position as the country produced 86.7 MT of crude steel in 2018, followed by South Korea at the 5th place with 72.5 MT of crude steel, Russia at 6th with 71.7 MT, Germany at 7th with 42.4 MT, Turkey at 8th with 37.3 MT, Brazil at 9th with 34.7 MT and Iran at the 10th position with 25 MT crude steel in 2018.

Among other countries, Italy produced 24.5 MT of crude steel in 2018, France produced 15.4 MT and Spain produced 14.3 MT and Ukraine produced 21.1 MT of crude steel in the same year.


Steel contributes two percent of India's national income. The targeted steel build-up capacity in the country is likely to reach 300 million tons by 2030, aligned with the target of National Steel Policy 2017.

World Steel Association

  India becomes world’s second largest steel producer

The World Steel Association (worldsteel) is an international trade body for the iron and steel industry, which has its headquarters in Brussels, Belgium.

It was founded as the International Iron and Steel Institute on July 10, 1967. It changed its name to the World Steel Association on October 6, 2008. The association celebrated its 50th year anniversary in 2017.

The association represents over 160 steel producers including 9 of the world's 10 largest steel companies, national and regional steel industry associations and steel research institutes.

The worldsteel members cover around 85 per cent of world steel production. 

The key objectives of the organisation include:

To act as the focal point for the steel industry providing global leadership on all major strategic issues impacting the industry, particularly focusing on economic, environmental and social sustainability.

To deliver benchmarking analysis and drive global improvement initiatives in the areas of environmental protection, technology, safety and people development.

To promote global market development opportunities for steel and promote steel to the world at large.

To provide on a timely basis world-class economic data and analysis on the global steel industry and its value chain, as well as assessments on life cycle aspects of steel.

To increase awareness, understanding and support for the steel industry amongst all external stakeholders and key target audiences worldwide.

To promote market competition that is free of government interventions preventing fair trade.

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