Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Chinese President Xi Jinping on April 28, 2018 highlighted the importance of maintaining peace along the India-China border during the first-ever two-day informal summit between Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Chinese President Xi Jinping that began on April 27, 2018 at Hubei Provincial Museum in Wuhan, China.
Keeping the Doklam Standoff in mind, both the leaders also decided to issue guidance to their militaries to implement various confidence-building measures to strengthen the existing institutional mechanisms, thus, preventing and managing the situations in the border areas.
Both the leaders stressed the importance of maintaining peace and harmony in all areas of the India-China border region for the overall development of bilateral relations.
Other topics discussed during the summit
• The Indo-China informal summit was focused on terrorism, climate change and developing a mutually beneficial relationship between both countries.
• Both the sides expressed their strong opposition to terrorism and recognised the common threats posed by terrorism.
• Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Chinese President Xi Jinping also talked about the importance of a balanced and sustainable trade ties between both the countries.
• They discussed about the ways of promoting culture and greater people-to-people connect between the two nations.
• They also agreed that both sides have the maturity and wisdom to handle the differences through peaceful discussion within the context of the overall relationship.
• They expressed their support for the work of the Special Representatives on the India China Boundary Question and urged them to undertake efforts for a fair, reasonable and mutually acceptable settlement.
• They highlighted the need to strengthen the strategic communication through greater consultation on all matters of common interest.
• They restated the importance of building an open global economic order to enable all countries to pursue their development and contribute to the elimination of poverty and inequality in all regions of the world.
• Both the sides also pledged efforts towards combating diseases, coordinating action for disaster risk reduction and mitigation, addressing climate change and ushering digital empowerment.
India-China Economic Project in Afghanistan
Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Chinese President Xi Jinping on April 28, 2018 agreed to undertake a joint India-China Economic Project in Afghanistan. As per the talks between both the leaders, officials of both sides will identify the project in following up discussions and will work out the modalities. This will be a first such project in Afghanistan.
Prior to the Wuhan summit, China invited Indian officials dealing with Afghanistan and proposed the involvement of both the sides in a joint development project.
While trying to expand its influence in Pakistan, China has been accused by Afghanistan and the US of backing Pakistan and its most violent attacks aimed at threatening the world peace.
However, against all these claims, China for the first time held a trilateral meeting with the foreign ministers of Pakistan and Afghanistan in December 2017 to narrow down the differences between the two countries.
It also announced the plans to extend its controversial China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) to Afghanistan.