Indian Army opens vacancies for women in military police; UN-EU Framework on Counter-Terrorism - Current Affairs
The recruitment for ‘Soldier General Duty (Women Military Police)’ was mooted by the Army Chief General Bipin Rawat. The move comes three months after the Government announced that women would be inducted into the force in the "Personnel Below Officer Rank" (PBOR) category in a graded manner.
Story 1: Indian Army opens vacancies for women in military police, registration begins
In a first, the Indian Army on April 25, 2019 began online registration of women for recruitment as soldiers into the military police.
The recruitment for ‘Soldier General Duty (Women Military Police)’ was mooted by the Army Chief General Bipin Rawat soon after he took over the post. The approval for the creation of the post came recently by the Defence Ministry.
The move comes three months after the Government announced that women would be inducted into the force in the "Personnel Below Officer Rank" (PBOR) category in a graded manner to eventually comprise 20 percent of total Corps of Military Police.
The appointment of women in Military Police is a huge step towards further empowering women and improving their representation in the Indian armed forces.
Till now, women were allowed in select areas such as medical, legal, educational, signals and engineering wings of the Army.
Women who are interested in the recruitment can apply for the same online on the official website of Indian Army. The application process will end on June 8, 2019.
To get shortlisted, the candidates will be required to qualify the Common Entrance Exam (CEE) followed by the Physical Endurance Test (PET), besides fulfilling the eligibility criterion.
Through this recruitment drive, 100 vacancies will be filled.
Role of Military Police
The Military Police is responsible for preserving "good order and discipline and to prevent breaches of the same by persons serving in or attached to the regular Army”.
The role of the military police includes policing cantonments and Army establishments, preventing breach of rules and regulations by soldiers, maintaining movement of soldiers as well as logistics during peace and war, handling prisoners of war and extending aid to civil police when required.
Those appointed under Personnel Below Officer Rank (PBOR) are given the responsibilities to investigate offences such as rape, molestation and theft; serve military operations where the Army needs police assistance; assistance in evacuation of villages during cross-border hostilities; and ceremonial as well as policing duties.
Permanent commission of women officers in Indian Army
Earlier in March 2019, the Defence Ministry announced that women officers recruited into the armed forces under the Short Service Commission will now have the option of taking up Permanent Commission in the Indian Armed Forces. The announcement for the same was made by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on August 15, 2018.
As per the Defence Ministry, following steps have been undertaken for ensuring permanent commission to women officers:
• Women officers have been granted permanent commission in the Indian Army in all the ten branches where women are inducted for short service commission.
• Besides the existing two streams of Judge Advocate General (JAG) and Army Education Corps, permanent commission will now be granted to women officers in signals, engineers, army aviation, army air defence, electronics and mechanical engineers, army service corps, army ordinance corps and Intelligence.
• The SSC women officers will have to give their option for permanent commission before completion of four years of commissioned service and then they will be able to exercise option for grant of permanent commission and their choice of specialisation.
• The SSC women officers will be considered for grant of permanent commission based on suitability and merit and will be employed in various staff appointments.
Story 2: UN, EU sign joint framework on Counter-Terrorism
The United Nations and the European Union (EU) on April 24, 2019 signed a joint framework aimed at strengthening partnership in counter-terrorism efforts.
The framework was enacted on the occasion of the second edition of EU-UN Leader’s Dialogue on Counter-Terrorism that was held in New York. The second edition of Dialogue promoted a new spirit of practical collaboration in countering terrorism and preventing violent extremism.
The Dialogue was co-convened by Vladimir Voronkov, Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations Office of Counter-Terrorism (UNOCT) and Pedro Serrano, Deputy Secretary General for the Common Security and Defence Policy at the European External Action Service.
Highlights of UN-EU Framework on Counter-Terrorism
• The UN-EU framework will focus on terrorism and violent extremism prevention in Africa, the Middle East, and Asia, as well as support victims and promote the reintegration of terrorism offenders
• The Framework supports development of national and regional Prevent and Counter Violent Extremism (PCVE) action plans promoting youth engagement and gender perspectives.
• It ensures support to victims of terrorism and the evolving threat of foreign terrorist fighters through the establishment of Advanced Passenger Information/Passenger Name Records (API/PNR) systems.
• It encourages a joint, effective, and multilateral cooperation to improve the safety of citizens in Europe and around the globe, while strengthening the respect for human rights and the rule of law.