On 3 May 2013, Indian cinema completed exactly 100 years with the release of two films- Bombay Talkies and Shootout at Wadala. The first Indian feature film, Raja Harishchandra was released on 3 May 1913 and this marks the completion of exact 100 years of the Indian cinema.
History of the Indian Cinema
• Raja Harishchandra was the first Indian feature film which was made by Dada Saheb Phalke in the year 1913.
• During the first decade of the Indian cinema, i.e., from 1913-1920, various films were made, but they were mostly mythological or religious.
• In the second decade of the Indian cinema, another genre of cinema was born and film makers started with the comedy or satirical films that dealt with the social issues. Some films of this era were Gun Sundari and Typist Girl (1918) made by ChandulalShah of Bombay.
• Some of the early satiric comedies of Indian cinema were England Returned (1921) and Barrister’s Wife, made by DG Ganguly of Calcutta.
• The first lady of Indian film industry was Devika Rani, Rabindranath Tagore's great-grandniece and her first main role was in Karma (1934).
• From 1896-1931, a lot of silent films were made, but destroyed. At present, just about ten silent films are preserved by National film Archives, Pune.
• The first ever talkie film that was shown in India was Melody of Love (1929).
• India’s first talkie film was Alam Ara, made by Ardeshir Irani. Alam Ara had 12 songs in all and it was released first in Bombay.
• Colour was introduced in the Indian films in 50s. The first coloured Indian film was Jhansi ki Rani (1953), which was made by Sohrab Modi.
• In 1950s, the biggest filmmakers were Guru Dutt and Raj Kapoor. Renowned Raj Kapoor hits included Bobby, Mera Naam Joker, Awara, Shree 420, Prem Rog and Ram Teri Ganga Maili.
• The biggest grosser of Indian cinema during 50s were Jhanak Jhanak Payal Baaje (1955) of V. Shantaram and Mother India (1957) of Mehboob Khan.
• In 1960s, emergence of super stars was seen. Some of the biggest superstars of 1960s were Rajesh Khanna, Shashi Kapoor, Shammi Kapoor and Jeetendra.
• The trend of shooting at the foreign locations was started by Raj kapoor. Sangam (1964) was among early films shot at foreign location.
• In 1970s, another superstar, Amitabh Bachchan was introduced to the screen.
• During 1970s, violence was the central theme of the Indian cinema.
• The films of 80s were a blend of romance, revenge, dance and music. Disco entered India in 80s through Mithun Chakravarty’s Disco Dancer.
• The notable development in 1990s was increased shooting at the foreign locations.
The 100 crore club
• Indian cinema has now become one of the largest producers of movies in the world.
• In 2012, around 1500 films were produced in India.
• The audiences of Indian films have been expanding continuously. The audiences do not just remain confined to India, but all over world, especially South Asia.
• From first feature film in 1913, Indian films have risen to the 100-crore club. It includes the earning of the films to 100-crore Rupees or 18 million US dollar, after exclusion of the entertainment tax.
• Till February 2013, overall 19 Indian films made their entry into the 100-crore club.
• The first film in Indian cinema that made it to the 100-crore club was Ghajini (2008).
• Salman Khan is the actor who gave maximum films (5) to the 100-crore club.
• Some of the films that made it to the 100-crore club include Ghajini (2008), 3 Idiots (2009), Dabangg (2010), Golmaal 3 (2010), Ready (2011), Singham (2011), Bodyguard (2011), Ra.One (2011), Don 2 (2011), Agneepath (2012), Housefull 2 (2012), Rowdy Rathore (2012), Bol Bachchan (2012), Ek Tha Tiger (2012), Barfi! (2012), Son of Sardar (2012) and Jab Tak Hai Jaan (2012).