The International Literacy Day was celebrated on 8 September 2016 across the world. The theme of International Literacy Day 2016 is Reading the Past, Writing the Future.
The theme was chosen to honour the past five decades of national and international engagement, efforts and progress made to increase literacy rates around the world.
Further, the theme also addresses current challenges and looks to innovative solutions to further boost literacy in the future.
Besides, literacy is also a part of Sustainable Development Goal 4, which aims to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all. The target is that by 2030 all youth and a substantial proportion of adults, both men and women, achieve literacy and numeracy.
Literacy in India
• According to the Census 2011 report, the illiteracy rate in India is 22%.
• Kerala is the most literate state with 93.91 per cent, Lakshadweep at 92.28 per cent, Mizoram at 91.58 per cent, Tripura at 87.75 per cent and Goa at 87.40 per cent.
• Bihar and Telangana have the lowest literacy with only 63.82 per cent and 66.50 per cent literate people respectively.
• In 2014, the literacy rate of India increased by 10 per cent.
• India has the world’s largest population of illiterates.
• Illiteracy is highest in Muslims with 42.72 per cent. Hindus are at 36.40 per cent, 32.49 per cent among Sikhs, 28.17 per cent among Buddhists and 25.66 per cent among Christians.
• Jains are the most literate community above 7 years of age among religious communities. 86.73 per cent of them are literate and only 13.57 per cent are illiterate.
• About 61.6 per cent men and 38.4 per cent women have studied up to graduation or above.
• As per UNESCO’s new Global Education Monitoring (GEM) report, India is expected to achieve universal primary education in 2050, universal lower secondary education in 2060 and universal upper secondary education in 2085.
About International Literacy Day
• First World Literacy Day was celebrated on 8 September 1966 and it was proclaimed by UNESCO in 1965.
• Every year, a theme is chosen to highlight the importance of literacy associated issues.
• The theme for 2015 was Literacy and Sustainable Societies.
• On this day, the UNESCO presents International Literacy Prizes at its headquarters in Paris.
• Literacy Prizes consists of five prizes. They are International Reading Association Literacy Award, Noma Literacy Prize, UNESCO King Sejong Literacy Prize, The Malcolm Adiseshiah International Literacy Prize and UNESCO Confucius Prize for Literacy.
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Where: Across the world
When: 8 September 2016