13th meet of the Foreign Ministers of India, Russia and China was held in Beijing, China on 2 February 2015.
The three foreign ministers namely Sushma Swaraj (India), Wang Yi (China) and Sergey Lavrov (Russia) after the meet released a Joint Communiqué.
The communiqué emphasised on cooperation between their countries which is conducive to maintain international and regional peace and stability and promoting global economic growth and prosperity.
Main highlights of the Joint Communiqué
• They agreed to build a more just, fair and stable international political and economic order in accordance with the purposes and principles of the UN Charter, the Five Principles of Peaceful Co-Existence (Panchsheel) and other basic norms of international law.
• They agreed to further strengthen coordination on global issues and practical cooperation, in the spirit of openness, solidarity, mutual understanding and trust.
• They agreed to enhance cooperation in think-tanks, business, agriculture, disaster mitigation and relief, medical services and public health.
• They explored potential for cooperation in oil and natural gas production and transportation, as well as in other fields of energy, high tech, environmental protection and connectivity
• They agreed to promote parliamentary, media, cultural and youth exchanges including visits of young diplomats.
• China and Russia welcomed India's application for full membership of Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) and supported India to join the SCO after completing all necessary negotiations and legal processes.
• Russia and India welcomed and supported the efforts of China to host the 2016 G20 Summit and reiterated their readiness to contribute to its successful results.
• They agreed to hold the next trilateral meeting in Russia in the second half of 2015.
Role of United Nations in International Relations
• They agreed to safeguard a fair and equitable international order based on the purposes and principles of the UN Charter, preventing war and conflict and promoting the progress and development of mankind.
• They welcomed the inclusion of the item of "Seventieth anniversary of the end of the Second World War" in the agenda of the 69th session of the UN General Assembly, and supported the United Nations and member states to initiate and organize commemorative events.
• They agreed that there is a need for all countries to join efforts in combating terrorism under the auspices of the United Nations, in accordance with the UN Charter and principles and norms of international law and for the robust implementation of relevant UN Security Council resolutions and the Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy.
• On Asia-Pacific Region, they agreed to strengthen coordination and cooperation in a joint effort to maintain lasting peace and stability in the Asia-Pacific region. To this end, they agreed to establish a trilateral Russia-India-China consultation mechanism on Asia-Pacific affairs, with the first meeting to be held at an early date.
• On Israel-Palestine conflict, the leaders of three nations supported the resolution of the Israel-Palestine conflict based on the relevant United Nations resolutions, the principle of land for peace, the Arab Peace Initiative, with the purpose of establishing a sovereign, independent, viable and united State of Palestine, with East Jerusalem as its capital, living within secure and recognized borders, side by side, at peace with Israel.
• On Syria, they reiterated that there is no military solution to the Syrian crisis and urged all parties to abjure violence and resume peace negotiations based on "Geneva Communiqué" of June 2012.
• Further, they called on all parties in Syria to implement relevant resolutions of the UN Security Council, and fully cooperate with the United Nations and relevant international organizations in their humanitarian efforts.
• They called on the international community to abide by the guiding principles of the United Nations on humanitarian assistance.
• They agreed to support broad and inclusive peace and reconciliation in Afghanistan that is Afghan-led and Afghan-owned, as well as to help Afghanistan’s integration into the region through its expanded trade and transport networks and regional connectivity.
• They also stressed their commitment to implementing the Beijing Declaration for security and prosperity in Afghanistan and the region.
• They called on all parties in the inter-Ukraine conflict to exercise restraint and fully implement the Minsk Protocol, engage in comprehensive dialogue and pursue a peaceful resolution of the crisis through political negotiations.
• They also called for an independent, objective, fair and transparent international investigation into the crash of Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17, and parties concerned should engage in cooperation within the framework of Resolution 2166 of the UN Security Council.
International Financial System
• They called for immediate reform of the international financial system to increase the voice and representation of emerging markets and developing countries, with a focus on the implementation of the 2010 IMF Quota and Governance Reform by the end of 2015.
• They also reiterated their commitments to enhancing cooperation within the framework of G20, and called on all G20 members to strengthen macroeconomic policy coordination, reject protectionism.
• They reiterated the importance attached by the three countries to the issue of climate change, and expressed their readiness to work together to further strengthen international cooperation to address climate change and its adverse effect.
• The Ministers also welcomed the adoption of the Lima Call for Climate Action by the 20th United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Conference of the Parties (COP20).
When: 2 February 2015