Myanmar on March 4, 2018 indefinitely deferred signing a Memorandum of Understanding with India to streamline the free movement of people within 16 km along the border.
Citing 'domestic compulsions', Myanmar has asked more time before signing the agreement. This MoU has also been deferred twice in the past seven months.
Initially, it was scheduled to be signed in September 2017 when Prime Minister Narendra Modi visited Myanmar for a bilateral visit. Later, India tried to push the agreement in January 2017 when Myanmar’s State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi was in New Delhi with nine ASEAN leaders as chief guest for the Republic Day parade.
Agreement between India and Myanmar on land border crossing
The Union Cabinet had approved the agreement between India and Myanmar on land border crossing on January 3, 2018 to enhance economic interaction between people of the two countries.
The government had asked four states Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur and Mizoram, that share the unfenced border with Myanmar, to distribute border pass to all the residents living within 16 km from the border.
The Agreement enables arrangement for movement of people across India-Myanmar border. It is expected to provide connectivity and enhance interaction of the people of the North Eastern States of India with the people of Myanmar.
India and Myanmar Border
Myanmar is one of India's strategic neighbours and shares a 1640-km-long border with a number of North-Eastern States including Arunachal Pradesh (520 km), Nagaland (215 km), Manipur (398 km) and Mizoram (510 km).
Both the countries permit a 'Free Movement Regime' that allows free movement of citizen of both the countries within the 16 km of the border without visa restrictions for 72 hours.