After seven years of painstaking efforts and deliberations, Nepal's Constituent Assembly on 16 September 2015 approved the new Constitution and endorsed the Preamble of the draft Constitution. Article 301 of the Constitution, defines title and date of commencement of the Constitution.
The new Constitution, which was passed by a 507-25 vote in the 601-seat Assembly, has split the country into seven federal provinces.
The lawmakers from Nepali Congress, CPN-UML and UCPN Maoist supported the draft Constitution; however, it saw protests by the ethnic minority groups who opposed the makeup, borders and size of the provinces.
As many as 25 lawmakers belonging to pro-Hindu and pro-monarchist Rastriya Prajatantra Party Nepal cast their vote against the bill.
Most of the Madhes-based parties, whose combined strength is 60, boycotted the voting process along with smaller opposition parties.
The bill will become Nepal's new charter once the lawmakers sign and the Constituent Assembly Chairperson Subash Nemwang authenticate it, which is likely to be done on 20 September 2015.
After this authentication, the President Ram Baran Yadav will announce the promulgation of new constitution through the sovereign body elected by the people.
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When: 16 September 2015