The Union Minister of Science and Technology and Earth Sciences Dr. Harsh Vardhan on 30 March 2015 inaugurated Port Blair Magnetic Observatory (PBMO) at Shoal Bay No. 8 in Port Blair, Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
The observatory has been set up by the Indian Institute of Geomagnetism (IIG) under the Multi-Parametric Geophysical Observatories (MPGO) initiated by the Union Ministry of Science and Technology and Earth Sciences.
So far, a network of 14 MPGO, including the PBMO, has been set up across the country by the IIG to monitor seismic and co-seismic signals by using multi techniques.
The first MPGO was set up at Guttu in Uttarakhand.
The IIG is a leading institute of the country actively engaged in basic and applied research in Geomagnetism and allied areas of Geophysics, Atmospheric and Space Physics and Plasma Physics.
It started out as a successor to the Colaba Magnetic Observatory where the first regular magnetic observatory in the country was established in 1841 and became autonomous in 1971.
The IIG is located in Mumbai.