Qingdao Declaration: India refuses to endorse China’s One Belt One Road initiative

Jun 11, 2018 17:08 IST
PM Modi shakes hands with Pakistan’s President Mamnoon Hussain in presence of Xi Jinping at SCO

India on June 10, 2018 refused to endorse Chinese President Xi Jinping’s One Belt, One Road (OBOR) project as part of a joint declaration at the 18th Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) Summit in Qingdao.

The summit was attended by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who was on a two-day visit to the picturesque coastal city of China's Shandong province to attend the annual summit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO).

It was for the first time that the Indian prime minister attended the SCO summit after India and Pakistan became full-fledged members of the grouping.

PM Modi’s statement

In an address at the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) summit, PM Modi said mega connectivity projects must respect sovereignty and territorial integrity of countries.

He also coined an acronym ‘SECURE’ which meant- ‘S’ for security for citizens, ‘E’ for economic development, ‘C’ for connectivity in the region, ‘U’ for unity, ‘R’ for respect of sovereignty and integrity and ‘E’ for environment protection.

He also highlighted the effects of terrorism and extremism in Afghanistan and hoped that the bold steps taken by its President Ashraf Ghani will be respected by all the players in the region. He assured that India will play an important role in the SCO Contact group on Afghanistan.

He also announced that India will host an SCO food festival and a comprehensive exhibition on Buddhist heritage and complimented China's initiative to organise an SCO film festival and SCO world heritage exhibition.

Modi invited the Kazakhstan President Nursultan Nazarbayev to join the International Solar Alliance for efficient exploitation of solar energy to reduce dependence on fossil fuels.

China announced to set up a 30-billion-yuan (USD 4.7 billion) equivalent special lending facility within the framework of the SCO Inter-bank Consortium.

PM Modi’s stand against China’s One Belt One Road initiative

  • While talking about the transport corridors, Modi mentioned India’s commitment to connectivity projects through its involvement in International North South Corridor project, development of the Chabahar port and Ashgabat agreement.
  • Modi didn’t fail to take a stand against China's One Belt One Road project, while stating that India is open to all those transport corridors that are inclusive, sustainable and transparent.
  • India has been severely critical of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) as the USD 50 billion China Pakistan Economic Corridor, which is part of the BRI, passes through Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK).
  • India was the only member in the eight-nation SCO bloc to do so and stressed for initiatives that ensure inclusivity.
  • Except India, all other member nations of the SCO including Russia, Pakistan and Iran have supported China's BRI.
  • Pakistan’s President Mamnoon Hussain supported the BRI and said the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) has boosted Pakistan's economy.

What is Belt and Road Initiative?

 

• The Belt and Road Initiative is a development strategy, which was proposed by Chinese President Xi Jinping.

• The initiative focuses on connectivity and cooperation among countries primarily between the People's Republic of China and the rest of Eurasia, which consists of two main components, the land-based "Silk Road Economic Belt" and oceangoing "Maritime Silk Road".

• It was unveiled in September 2013 and October 2013 in announcements revealing the Silk Road Economic Belt and Maritime Silk Road, respectively.

• The initiative is geographically structured along 6 corridors and the maritime Silk Road. They are:

  1. New Eurasian Land Bridge, running from Western China to Western Russia
  2. China - Mongolia - Russia Corridor, running from Northern China to Eastern Russia
  3. China - Central Asia - West Asia Corridor, running from Western China to Turkey
  4. China - Indochina Peninsula Corridor, running from Southern China to Singapore
  5. China - Pakistan Economic Corridor, running from South-Western China to Pakistan
  6. Bangladesh - China - India - Myanmar Corridor, running from Southern China to India
  7. Maritime Silk Road, running from the Chinese Coast over Singapore and India to the Mediterranean

 


Qingdao Declaration on combating terrorism

All SCO members including China, India and Russia, came out with a declaration with a resolve to deepen cooperation to contain terrorism, extremism and separatism.

They talked about the special role of the SCO Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure in the fight against the three evils- terrorism, extremism and separatism.

They condemned all forms of terrorism and consider it necessary to make efforts to promote the creation of a unified global counterterrorism front.

The declaration calls for reaching consensus for adopting the ‘UN Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism’.

The SCO leaders also adopted a ‘Joint Appeal to Youth’, in which they appealed to youths not to get influenced by extremist ideologies.

They also noted that the interference in the domestic affairs of other states under the pretence of combating terrorism and extremism is unacceptable.

In relation to the developments in the Middle East, the SCO talked about growing threat from foreign terrorists who return to their countries or find shelter in other countries to continue their terrorist activity within the bloc.

They called for strengthening their cooperation in combating the spread of terrorist ideology through the internet.

They also reaffirmed their commitment to improve the mechanism of cooperation within the bloc to combat illegal drug trafficking.

About Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)


The SCO is a Eurasian economic, political and security organisation, headquartered in Beijing, China.

It was founded at a summit in Shanghai in 2001 by the presidents of Russia, China, Kyrgyz Republic, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.

India and Pakistan became full members of the organisation at Astana Summit in Kazakhstan in June 2017.

The SCO currently has eight member countries which represent around 42 percent of the world's population and 20 percent of the global GDP.

 

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