Road Accidents in India: UP recorded highest number of deaths, Tamil Nadu tops in number of accidents
The report on road accidents in India states that by the year 2010 there was an increase in the number of accidents, deaths and injuries.
The Union Ministry of Road Transport and Highways released a report based on road accidents happened in 2018. According to the report, the number of road accidents has increased by 0.46% in the year 2018 as compared to 2017. The death rate during the road accident has also increased by 2.37 per cent during this period.
The report states that by the year 2010 there was an increase in the number of accidents, deaths and injuries. After that, it was stabilized to some extent with slight fluctuations from year to year.
• The report titled - 'Road Accidents in India-2018', informed that a total of 467044 road accidents were reported in the year 2018 as compared to a total of 464910 accidents in the year 2017.
• The death rate was increased by about 2.37 per cent in the period. Total 151471 people were killed in road accidents in 2018 as against 147913 in 2017.
• The number of injuries in road accidents has decreased by 0.33 per cent in 2018 as compared to 2017.
• National Highway constitutes only 1.94 per cent of the total road network of the country, while its share in total road accidents is 30.2 per cent.
• Other roads that are about 95.1 per cent of the total roads were responsible for 45 per cent accidents and 38 per cent deaths respectively.
• About 15 per cent of pedestrians lost their lives in road accident among others. The share of cyclists in this was 2.4 per cent and the share of two-wheelers was 36.5 per cent.
• In 2018, Tamil Nadu recorded the most number of road accidents while Uttar Pradesh had the highest number of persons died in road accidents.
Motor Vehicle Amendment Bill 2019
The union cabinet has approved Motor Vehicle Amendment Bill 2019 this year. The Act suggests the Central Government establish a Motor Vehicle Accident Fund. All road users will get a compulsory insurance cover through this fund. As per the bill, minimum compensation will be given to road accident victims. In case of Hit and Run government will provide a compensation of Rs. 2 Lakh instead 25,000 and Rs. 50,000 will be given in case of serious injury.
The Act allows the Central Government to issue the order to recall (withdrawal) of such motor vehicles which can harm the environment or the driver or the users of the road. In such a situation, the manufacturer will have to return the full amount of vehicle to the customer or manufacturer will have to replace the motor vehicle with a better quality vehicle.