Russia announced on 22 October 2015 that it will permanently station a military unit in the Arctic by 2018.
The defence minister of Russia Sergey Shoygu also announced that Russia is building several new bases in the Arctic as well as rebuilding six Soviet-era air bases in the Arctic.
It was also declared that the nation already has practically finished building bases on the Novosibirsk Archipelago and on Kotelny Island. The nation relies on modern military technology to guard borders in the Arctic.
On 20 October 2015, Shoigu announced that a base on the Franz Josef Land archipelago is nearly complete. Around 150 troops will be able to live on the base for up to 18 months without outside contact when it opens.
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Where: In the Arctic
When: By 2018