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Top 10 Weekly Current Affairs: 10 September to 15 September 2018

Sep 15, 2018 13:32 IST
Top 10 Weekly Current Affairs: 10 September to 15 September 2018

Justice Ranjan Gogoi appointed as 46th Chief Justice of India

The Union government on September 13, 2018 appointed Justice Ranjan Gogoi as the 46th Chief Justice of India (CJI). He will assume his post on October 3. He will be succeeding incumbent CJI Dipak Misra, who is set to retire a day before his swearing in, on October 2, 2018.

Justice Gogoi’s name was suggested for the esteemed post by Justice Misra himself. He is the senior-most judge of the Supreme Court after Chief Justice Misra. His appointment was confirmed after President Ramnath Kovind signed the warrant of his appointment.

Supreme Court modifies its order on dowry harassment; scraps Family Welfare Committees

The Supreme Court of India on September 14, 2018 modified its July 2017 order in dowry harassment case for preventing misuse of Section 498A of Indian Penal Code (IPC). The Section 498A (dowry harassment) of IPC protects gender justice and rights.

A three judges’ bench led by the Chief Justice Dipak Misra withdrew the earlier direction issued in Rajesh Sharma case which stated that complaints under Section 498A of the IPC should be scrutinised by Family Welfare Committees before any legal action by police.

Hunger reached ‘alarming’ ten-year high in 2017: UN report

As per a UN report on the ‘state of food security and nutrition in the world’ that was published on September 11, 2018, the number of undernourished globally increased to 821 million in 2017, which means that one in every nine people, does not have enough to eat.

The report revealed that the number of undernourished people in the world has been on the rise since 2014, reaching an estimated 821 million in 2017, from around 804 million in 2016. The levels are the same as almost a decade ago.

HIV and AIDS (Prevention and Control) Act, 2017 comes into force: In Detail

The Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare on September 11, 2018 issued a notification for bringing the Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (Prevention and Control) Act, 2017 in force with effect from September 10, 2018.

The Bill was introduced by senior Congress leader Ghulam Nabi Azad in 2014, was passed by the Rajya Sabha on March 22, 2017, and on April 12, 2017, it was passed by the Lok Sabha. It received the assent of the President on April 20, 2017.

The HIV/AIDS Act, 2017 safeguards the rights of people living with HIV and affected by HIV.

Alibaba founder Jack Ma to step down in 2019, company CEO named his successor

Jack Ma, the co-founder and executive chairman of Chinese e-commerce giant Alibaba, announced on September 10, 2018 that he will step down as the head of the company in 2019. He named the company CEO Daniel Zhang as his successor.

The 54-year-old billionaire will continue as the executive chairman of the company, which is one of the world's most valuable companies, for the next 12 months to ensure a smooth transition of the chairmanship to Zhang.

Zhang will be promoted to the post of executive chairman on September 10, 2019. Despite stepping down, Ma will remain as a director on Alibaba’s board of directors until their annual shareholders' meeting in 2020 and a permanent member of the Alibaba Partnership.

BARC’s Apsara Reactor recommissioned after 9 years

India’s oldest research reactor 'Apsara', which was shut down permanently in 2009 for repair, was recommissioned with a higher capacity on September 10, 2018 at Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay. The refurbished version of the reactor is named as ‘Apsara-upgraded’ (Apsara-U).

Apsara, the first research reactor of Asia, became operational in Trombay campus of Bhabha Atomic Research Centre in August 1956.  Apsara is a light water swimming pool-type reactor with a maximum power output of one megawatt thermal (MWt).

ASI discovers 254 copper coins of medieval era at Khirki Mosque

The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) discovered a collection of 254 Copper Coins in the premises of Khirki Mosque during the course of conservation of the monument. This mosque lies on the southern periphery of the village Khirki, New Delhi.

Post the discovery of coins, immediately, a team of archaeologist, consternation assistant and photographers came to the site and took the hoard of coins under their possession.  Few coins got cleaned by the experts of Science of Branch of ASI; and on the basis of preliminary observation, it was found that some of the coins belong to the reign of Shershah Suri and his successors.

United States announces closure of Palestinian mission in Washington

The United States on September 10, 2018 announced the closure of the Palestine Liberation Organisation's (PLO) mission in Washington DC.

Explaining the move, the US state department said that the PLO leaders had failed to engage with US efforts to bring about peace with Israel and attempted to prompt an investigation of Israel by the International Criminal Court. The move is the latest in a series of measures by the Trump administration against the Palestinian leadership.

EC removes NOTA option from Rajya Sabha, Legislative Council polls

The Election Commission of India (ECI) on September 11, 2018 withdrew the provision of NOTA (None of the above) option from ballot papers of the Rajya Sabha and the state’s Legislative Council polls as per the Supreme Court directive.

The ECI, through the notification, ordered the returning officers for Rajya Sabha and legislative council to ensure that there is no NOTA column displayed in the ballot paper.

The NOTA option will be available only in Lok Sabha and state’s assembly election.

Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana to cover child cancer treatment

The Union Government has announced that the treatment of childhood cancer will be covered under Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana. The information was shared by NITI Aayog member Vinod Kumar Paul, while speaking at a function in New Delhi on September 9, 2018.

Paul revealed that child cancer will be treated under the Ayushman Bharat scheme and the rate in this regard has been fixed. He also said that 1.5 lakh health and wellness centres will be opened across India by 2022 under the scheme. The centres will provide comprehensive health care for diseases like diabetes, cancer, hypertension and cardiovascular diseases.

Important Current Affairs of August 2018

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