Top 5 Current Affairs: 29 October 2018

Oct 29, 2018 17:28 IST
Top 5 Current Affairs: 29 October 2018

Ayodhya Verdict: Supreme Court adjourns hearing till January 2019

The Supreme Court of India on October 29, 2018 adjourned the hearing on pleas challenging the Allahabad High Court verdict in the Ramjanambhoomi-Babri Masjid site title dispute to January 2019.

The decision was taken by a three-judge bench of the Supreme Court comprising Chief Justice of India (CJI) Ranjan Gogoi and Justices SK Kaul and KM Joseph. The apex court will in January fix the date for commencing hearing on the matter. Hence, the hearing may be in January, February, March or anytime after that, as per clarification by Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi.

The court stated that an appropriate bench, which will be constituted to hear the matter, will decide the date of the hearing. The decision comes nearly a month after a ruling by SC that there was no need to look into the top court’s observations in its 1994 judgment that a mosque was not integral to Islam.

Far-right candidate Jair Bolsonaro wins Brazil’s Presidential election

Far-right candidate Jair Bolsonaro was on October 28, 2018 declared as the winner of Brazil’s 2018 Presidential Elections by a wide margin. Bolsonaro swept the election results with 55.1 per cent of the votes cast, as against 44.8 per cent votes of his opponent, Fernando Haddad from the left-wing Workers' Party (PT).

Bolsonaro had also won the first round of the elections in October amid a field of 13 candidates, but he had fallen short of the 50 per cent needed to win out rightly and avoid a runoff against Haddad. The clear victory of Bolsonaro now marks a rightward swing in the largest democracy of Latin America, which was governed by the left-wing party for 13 years between 2003 and 2016.

Since the past two years, the country had been led by a conservative, Michel Temer, who was elected following the impeachment of former President Dilma Rousseff. However, Temer had become deeply unpopular with Brazilians.

Indian Railways to use aircraft-like pressurised railway coaches in Leh

The Indian Railways plans to use aircraft-like pressurised coaches in its trains for the Bilaspur-Manali-Leh line along the India-China border, which will be the world’s highest rail track, so that passengers do not have breathing difficulties on board.

At a height of 5,360 metres above the sea level, the 465-km strategically significant line to be built at a cost of Rs  83,360 crore, will see railways’ first pressurised coaches which are currently used only in the Quinghay-Tibet Railway Line in China.

Researchers develop web-based tool to monitor fake news on social media

Researchers from the University of Michigan in the US have developed a web-based tool to monitor fake news on social media platforms such as Twitter and Facebook.

The tool uses a Platform Health Metric called the ‘Iffy Quotient’, which draws data from two external entities: NewsWhip and Media Bias/Fact Checker. The NewsWhip is a social media engagement tracking firm, which collects URLs from hundreds of thousands of sites each day and then gathers information on, which of these sites have engagements on Facebook and Twitter.

Former Delhi CM Madan Lal Khurana passes away

Madan Lal Khurana, former Delhi Chief Minister, passed away on October 27, 2018 after a prolonged illness. He was 82.

The veteran BJP leader was suffering from a chest infection and fever since the past few days and was feeling breathless since 27th morning. He had suffered a brain haemorrhage about five years ago and was ailing since then. He is survived by his wife, a son and two daughters.

He along with Vijay Kumar Malhotra, Kedar Nath Sahani and Kanwar Lal Gupta founded the Delhi chapter of the Jan Sangh, which in 1980 transformed into BJP. The party had suffered badly in 1984 general elections, which was held after the death of Indira Gandhi. Khurana is credited with reviving the party in the capital, New Delhi. He worked tirelessly and his efforts earned him the title of 'Dilli Ka Sher' (Lion of Delhi).

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