Top 5 Current Affairs: 4 February 2019
US President Donald Trump has announced that the United States will pull out of the three-decade-old Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces treaty, which it had signed with Russia during the Cold War. In response to US suspension of the treaty, Russian President Vladimir Putin announced that Russia would also abandon its obligations under the nuclear arms control treaty.
ISRO sets up Human Space Flight Centre for Gaganyaan mission
The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) on January 31, 2019 unveiled its Human Space Flight Centre (HSFC) at ISRO Headquarter campus in Bengaluru, Karnataka for its maiden manned space mission 'Gaganyaan'.
ISRO is gearing up for its maiden manned mission Gaganyaan, which is planned for 2021-end. The plan is to have the first unmanned mission in December 2020 and the second one in July 2021. Once the two unmanned missions are completed, the manned mission will happen in December 2021.
India’s first human spaceflight programme is likely to include a woman astronaut.
Past victims of communal violence to undergo special workshop
The National Foundation for Communal Harmony (NFCH) on February 4, 2019 organised a special workshop for 42 youth, who have been victims of communal violence in the past, under the Know My India Programme in Bengaluru.
The main objectives of the programme include to help the children deal with post-traumatic stress, provide them life tools to manage their emotions and eliminate disturbing impressions of past events. It aims to help them experience deep relaxation and peace, give them a broader and more inclusive view of the world and how each individual is connected with the others beyond social identities.
The participants include youth, who fall in the age group of 15 to 22 years. They belong to 6 different states including Jammu & Kashmir, Manipur, Assam, Chhattisgarh, Bihar and Gujarat. They were present at the workshop along with 10 official mentors.
Ladakh now connected to National Grid, Srinagar-Alusteng-Drass-Kargil-Leh transmission Line launched
Prime Minister Narendra Modi on February 3, 2019 dedicated the 220 kV Srinagar- Alusteng - Drass- Kargil – Leh Transmission System to the nation, a step that would ensure quality power supply to Ladakh region of Jammu & Kashmir round the year.
With this, Ladakh now stands connected to the National Grid. The move is expected to boost the tourism sector and enhance the socio-economic development of Ladakh.
It is a flagship project of the Union Government under the Prime Minister's Reconstruction Plan (PMRP) which was aimed to improve reliability and quality of power supply in Ladakh region of Jammu & Kashmir by connecting with National Grid.
US pulls out of Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces treaty with Russia
US President Donald Trump announced on February 1, 2019 that the United States will pull out of the three-decade-old Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) treaty, which it had signed with Russia during the Cold War.
Trump announced that the US will suspend its obligations under the pact and begin the process of withdrawing from it on February 2, 2019. He stated that the US will exit the treaty in six months unless Russia comes back into compliance by destroying all of its violating missiles, launchers, and associated equipment.
In response to US suspension of the treaty, Russian President Vladimir Putin announced on February 2, 2019 that Russia would also abandon its obligations under the cold-war era nuclear arms control treaty.
World Cancer Day 2019 observed across the world
The World Cancer Day 2019 was observed across the world on February 4, 2019 with an aim to unite the world’s population in the fight against cancer.
The day is observed every year with an aim to save millions of preventable deaths by raising awareness and education about the disease, pressing governments and individuals across the world to take action. Cancer is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide, with approximately 14 million new cases in 2012.
World Cancer Day was proclaimed by the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC), a leading international non-governmental organisation.