UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres on May 8, 2018 announced to hold a climate summit in September 2019 in New York to review the commitments of the 2015 Paris Agreement on Climate Change.
The announcement was made at the opening ceremony of the 37th session of the UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean.
Considering that the effects of climate change keep spreading all over the world, the UN Chief pressed for the need to adopt collective measures to deal with it. He also emphasised that the new plans must be based on investing in resilient development with low carbon emissions.
In March 2018, Guterres appointed former New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg as his Special Envoy for Climate Action who was tasked to support the United Nations (UN) in its climate strategy and in organising the 2019 summit.
About the Paris Climate Agreement
• The Paris Climate Agreement is an agreement within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) that deals with greenhouse gas emissions mitigation, adaptation and finance starting in the year 2020.
Greenhouse Gas composition
• As of June 2017, a total of 195 UNFCCC members signed the agreement, 148 of which have ratified it.
• Under the pact, countries agreed to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases generated by burning fossils fuels, a major cause of global warming.
• The agreement aims to limit the global average temperature to well below 2 °C above pre-industrial levels and to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels.
US withdrawal from Paris Agreement on Climate Change
• President Donald Trump on June 1, 2017 announced to withdraw the United States from the landmark 2015 Paris agreement to fight climate change.
• Trump believed that the Paris agreement would undermine the US economy, cost US jobs and weaken the American national sovereignty.
• However, he also stated that his administration will begin negotiations either to re-enter the Paris agreement or to have a new agreement, but only on terms that are fair to the United States.
• The United States was one among 195 nations that had agreed to sign the accord in December 2015.