The Union Cabinet on 27 October 2016 approved the signing and ratification of agreement between India and Estonia on the transfer of sentenced persons.
The Agreement will facilitate the Indian prisoners imprisoned in Estonia or vice-versa to be near to their families, for serving remaining part of their sentence and shall facilitate their social rehabilitation.
• Prior to 2004, there was no domestic Legislation under which foreign prisoners could be transferred to the country of their origin to serve the remaining part of their sentence.
• Hence, the Repatriation of Prisoners Act, 2003 was enacted for serving the above purpose.
• For achieving the objectives of the Act, a Treaty/Agreement is required to be signed with countries having mutual interest with India and later to the notified in the Official Gazette.
• Union Government has so far signed bilateral Agreements on Transfer of Sentenced Persons with UK, Mauritius, Bulgaria, France, Egypt, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, South Korea, Saudi Arabia, Iran, Bangladesh, Brazil, Israel, Bosnia, UAE, Italy, Turkey, Maldives, Thailand, Russia, Kuwait and few more.
• So far, total 65 prisoners have been exchanged, out of which 55 were Indians.
Who: Union Cabinet
When: 27 October 2016