The Union Cabinet on April 4, 2018 approved the Protection of Human Rights (Amendments) Bill, 2018, aimed at protection and promotion of human rights in India.
The Bill seeks to amend the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993.
Provisions of the Bill
• It proposes to include the 'National Commission for Protection of Child Rights' as deemed Member of the National Human Rights Commission.
• It proposes to add a woman member in the composition of the Human Rights Commission.
• It seeks to expand the scope of eligibility and scope of selection of Chairperson of the National Human Rights Commission as well as of the State Human Rights Commission.
• It calls to incorporate a proper mechanism to look after the cases of human rights violation in the Union Territories.
• It proposes to amend the term of office of Chairperson and Members of National Human Rights Commission and State Human Rights Commission as that of the terms of Chairperson and Members of other Commissions.
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• The Protection of Human Rights (Amendments) Bill, 2018 aims to strengthen the human rights institutions of India for effective discharge of their mandates, roles and responsibilities.
• Once the bill becomes an Act, it will be in perfect sync with the defined global standards and benchmarks towards ensuring the rights relating to life, liberty, equality and dignity of the individual.
• It seeks to make National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) and State Human Rights Commission (SHRC) more compliant with the Paris Principle (Principles relating to the Status of National Institutions) pertaining to its autonomy, independence and wide-ranging functions.
Principles relating to the Status of National Institutions (The Paris Principles)
As per 'The Paris Principles', a national institution should be able to promote and protect human rights.
It states that the composition of a national institution and the appointment of its members should be done in accordance with a procedure to ensure inclusive representation of the civil society, involved in the protection and promotion of human rights.
Who: Union Cabinet