Union Environment Ministry on 3 April 2016 released the Hazardous and Other Wastes (Management and Transboundary Movement) Rules, 2016. The new rule for management of hazardous wastes was released by Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Prakash Javadekar.
This is the first time that the rules distinguish difference between hazardous and other wastes. The other wastes include waste tyre, paper waste, metal scrap, used electronic items, etc. and are recognized as a resource for recycling and reuse. These resources supplement the industrial processes and reduce the load on the virgin resource of the country.
Salient features of Hazard Waste Management Rule, 2016
• The ambit of the Rules has been expanded by including ‘Other Waste’.
• Waste Management hierarchy in the sequence of priority of prevention, minimization, reuse, recycling, recovery, co-processing; and safe disposal has been incorporated.
• All the forms under the rules for permission, import/export, filing of annual returns, transportation, etc. have been revised significantly, indicating the stringent approach for management of such hazardous and other wastes with simultaneous simplification of procedure.
• The basic necessity of infrastructure to safeguard the health and environment from waste processing industry has been prescribed as Standard Operating Procedure (SOPs), specific to waste type, which has to be complied by the stakeholders and ensured by SPCB/PCC while granting such authorisation.
• Procedure has been simplified to merge all the approvals as a single window clearance for setting up of hazardous waste disposal facility and import of other wastes.
• Co-processing as preferential mechanism over disposal for use of waste as supplementary resource, or for recovery of energy has been provided.
• The approval process for co-processing of hazardous waste to recover energy has been streamlined and put on emission norms basis rather than on trial basis.
• The process of import/export of waste under the Rules has been streamlined by simplifying the document-based procedure and by revising the list of waste regulated for import/export.
• The import of metal scrap, paper waste and various categories of electrical and electronic equipments for re-use purposehas been exempted from the need of obtaining Ministry’s permission.
• The basic necessity of infrastructure to safeguard the health and environment from waste processing industry has been prescribed as Standard Operating Procedure (SOPs) specific to waste type.
Responsibilities of State Government
• Responsibilities of State Government for environmentally sound management of hazardous and other wastes have been introduced as follows:
a) To set up/allot industrial space or sheds for recycling, pre-processing and other utilization of hazardous or other waste
b) To register the workers involved in recycling, pre-processing and other utilization activities.
c) To form groups of workers to facilitate setting up such facilities
d) To undertake industrial skill development activities and ensure safety and health of workers.
• State Government is authorized to prepare integrated plan for effective implementation of these provisions, and have to submit annual report to Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.
• State Pollution Control Board is mandated to prepare an annual inventory of the waste generated; waste recycled, recovered, utilised including co-processed; waste re-exported and waste disposed and submit to the Central Pollution Control Board by the 30th day of September every year.
Hazardous Waste prohibited for Import
List of Waste Constituents with Concentration Limits has been revised as per international standard and drinking water standard. The following items have been prohibited for import:
a) Waste edible fats and oil of animals, or vegetable origin
b) Household waste
c) Critical Care Medical equipment
d) Tyres for direct re-use purpose
e) Solid Plastic wastes including Pet bottles
f) Waste electrical and electronic assemblies scrap
g) Other chemical wastes especially in solvent form
What is Hazardous Waste?
• Hazardous waste means any waste, which by reason of characteristics, such as physical, chemical, biological, reactive, toxic, flammable, explosive or corrosive, causes danger to health, or environment.
• It comprises the waste generated during the manufacturing processes of the commercial products such as industries involved in petroleum refining, production of pharmaceuticals, petroleum, paint, aluminium, electronic products etc.
• As per the information furnished by CPCB in the year 2015, the total hazardous waste generation in the country is 7.46 million metric tonnes per annum from about 44000 industries.
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When: 3 April 2016