US President signed NDA Act 2015; provision for release of CSF of 1 billion US dollars to Pakistan

Dec 23, 2014 11:25 IST

The US President Barack Obama on 19 December 2014 signed the annual defence budget National Defence Authorisation Act (NDAA) for the fiscal year 2015.

The 2015 NDAA sets overall defence spending at 578 billion US dollars and also provide for release of Coalition Support Fund (CSF) of 1 billion US dollars to Pakistan.

The annual defence budget for the fiscal year 2015 was sponsored by US Senator Carl Levin and Howard P. 'Buck' McKeon.

Main Aim of NDDA 2015
The NDDA 2015 intends to provide vital benefits for US military personnel and their families, as well as critical contingency authorities needed to counter the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant and to respond to emerging needs in the face of evolving terrorist threats and emergent crises worldwide.

NDDA 2015 and Pakistan
The main highlight of the NDAA for the year 2015 is the provision for release of Coalition Support Fund (CSF) amounting to 1 billion US dollars to Pakistan. The 1 billion US dollars is in the form of reimbursement for the expenses made by army of Pakistan in support of the US military operations in Afghanistan.

However, there are certain conditions attached to release of CSF to Pakistan. These are:
• Taking action against the Haqqani network terrorist organisation, however, as usual these can be waived off by the Defence Secretary of the US under national interest.
• US Defence Secretary will submit a report to the Congress on US-Pak bilateral security co-operation within the first 90 days of the passage of NDAA 2015 bill and every six months thereafter till December 2017.
• Out of 1 billion US dollar, 300 US dollars will not be released to Pakistan unless the US Defence Secretary certifies to the Congressional Defence Committees that Pakistan has undertaken military operations in the restive North Waziristan.
• The US Congress seeks a report in a description and assessment of the effectiveness of efforts by Pakistan, unilaterally or jointly with the United States, to disrupt operations and eliminate safe havens of Al-Qaeda, Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan and other extremist groups such as the Haqqani Network and the Quetta Shura Taliban.
• The US Congress also seeks assessment of efforts by Pakistan to counter the threat of improvised explosive devices and the networks involved in the acquisition, production, and delivery of such devices and their precursors and components.

NDDA 2015 on Guantanamo Bay
The US detention facility at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, remains open for the 13th consecutive year. Regarding this, the Act
• Renews the bar against using appropriated funds to construct or modify any facility in the United States, its territories, or possessions to house any Guantanamo detainee in the custody or under the control of the Department of Defense unless authorized by the Congress.
• Renews the bar against using appropriated funds to transfer Guantanamo detainees into the United States for any purpose. The US and Pakistan may hold the talks on extending CSF even after the withdrawal of US troops from Afghanistan.

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