Volcano Mount Kelud of Kediri district (main island of Java) of Indonesia erupted on 13 February 2014 after rumbling for several weeks. Following this eruption, the government of the country has ordered around 2 lakh people of 36 villages within 10 kilometers of the crater to evacuate. The eruption spewed ash and sand 17 kilometers into the air.
The volcanic eruption has resulted in the closure of three international airports namely Jogyakarta, Solo and Surabaya. The closure action was taken because the ash released during the eruption has darkened the skies across the country, which has reduced visibility. The ashes can also pose danger to the engines of the aircrafts.
National Disaster Mitigation Agency said that the spewed ash and gravel of the volcano flew as far as 200 kilometers away. The noise of this mountain eruption was heard at a distance of 130 kilometers from Surabaya and even further afield in Jogakarta. Reports say that the ash has covered the grounds of both the cities, which is falling till now.
Last time, Mount Kelud erupted in 2007. In 1990, its eruption killed more than 30 people leaving behind more than 100 injured. Before the eruption of 1990 a powerful eruption happened in 1919 in which about 5000 people were killed.
Earlier in January 2014 an eruption occurred on the island of Sumatara on Mount Sinabung in which 14 people were killed.
Reason for Volcanic eruptions in Indonesia
Indonesia falls across a series of geological fault-lines, which makes it prone for frequent earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. Indonesia sits on the Pacific Ring of Fire and acts as a belt of seismic activities around the basin of the Pacific Ocean. Being in the area of colliding continental plates, Indonesia witnesses regular powerful earthquakes and often sees volcanic eruptions. The 1731-meter Kelud is among about 130 active volcanoes in Indonesia. Mount Kelud is also considered as one of the most dangerous volcanoes of the country.
Till date the eruptions of Mount Kelud has claimed more than 15000 lives since 1500, which includes 10000 deaths in a massive volcanic eruption of 1568.
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