World Bio-Fuel day 2018 observed globally

Aug 10, 2018 12:16 IST
World Bio-Fuel day 2018 observed globally

10 August: World Bio-Fuel Day

The World Bio-Fuel Day was observed across the world on August 10, 2018 with an aim to create awareness about non fossil-fuels (green fuels).

The day highlights the importance of non-fossil fuels as alternative to conventional fossil fuels and highlights the various efforts made by the Government in the bio-fuel sector.

Why is the World Bio-Fuel Day observed on August 10?

  • On 10 August 1893, Sir Rudalph Diesel, inventor of the diesel engine, for the first time successfully ran mechanical engine with Peanut Oil.
  • His research experiment had predicted that vegetable oil is going to replace the fossil fuels in the next century to fuel different mechanical engines.
  • Thus, to mark this extraordinary achievement, World Bio-fuel Day is observed every year on 10 August.

Celebrations of World Bio-Fuel Day in India

• Prime Minister Narendra Modi addressed a diverse gathering consisting of farmers, scientists, entrepreneurs, students, government officials and legislators in New Delhi to mark the World Biofuel Day 2018.

• For the last three years, the Union Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas has been observing the World Bio-fuel Day.

• This year too, the Ministry held the World Bio-fuel Day programme at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi which saw the presence of Prime Minister Narendra Modi as the Chief Guest for the inaugural session.

• The programme saw participation from sugarcane and other farmers; scientists; entrepreneurs in bio-fuels; students of agriculture, science and engineering streams; Members of Parliament; Ambassadors; officers of Central and State Governments; and companies involved in bio-energy sector.

• There were separate interactive sessions on ethanol, bio-diesel, bio-CNG and 2nd Generation bio-fuels after the inaugural session.

• The bio-fuels programme is in synergy with the Government of India initiatives for Make in India, Swachh Bharat and enhancing farmers’ income.

Initiatives undertaken by India to increase blending of bio-fuels

Since 2014, the Indian Government has been undertaking a number of initiatives to increase blending of bio-fuels. Some of the major interventions include administrative price mechanism for ethanol, simplifying the procurement procedures of OMCs, and amending the provisions of Industries (Development & Regulation) Act, 1951.

Moreover, the Government approved the National Policy on Biofuels-2018 in June 2018.  The policy has the objective of reaching 20 percent ethanol-blending and 5 percent biodiesel-blending by the year 2030. 

Outcome of these initiatives

  • Ethanol blending in petrol has increased from 38 crore litres in the ethanol supply year 2013-14 to an estimated 141 crore litres in the ethanol supply year 2017-18. 
  • Bio-diesel blending in the country started from 10th August, 2015 and in the year 2018-19, Oil Marketing Companies have allocated 7.6 crore litres of biodiesel. 
  • Oil PSUs are also planning to set up 12 Second Generation (2G) Bio-refineries to augment ethanol supply and address environmental issues arising out of burning of agricultural biomass.
 

Quick Digest

Who: World Bio-Fuel day 2018

What: Observed globally

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