4 February: World Cancer Day
The World Cancer Day was observed across the world on February 4, 2018 with an aim to unite the world’s population in the fight against cancer. The theme for the World Cancer Day 2016-2018 is ‘We can. I can.’
The theme throws light on how everyone, as a collective or as individuals, can do their part to reduce the global burden of cancer.
The day is observed every year with an aim to save millions of preventable deaths by raising awareness and education about the disease, pressing governments and individuals across the world to take action.
Facts about Cancer
• Cancer is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide, with approximately 14 million new cases in 2012.
• The number of new cases is expected to rise by about 70 per cent over the next 2 decades.
• Cancer is the second leading cause of death globally, and was responsible for 8.8 million deaths in 2015.
• Around one third of deaths from cancer are due to the 5 leading behavioral and dietary risks: high body mass index, low fruit and vegetable intake, lack of physical activity, tobacco use and alcohol use.
• Tobacco use is the most important risk factor for cancer and is responsible for approximately 22 per cent of cancer deaths.
• Cancer causing infections, such as hepatitis and human papilloma virus (HPV), are responsible for up to 25 per cent of cancer cases in low- and middle-income countries.
• The economic impact of cancer is significant and is increasing. The total annual economic cost of cancer in 2010 was estimated at approximately USD 1.16 trillion.
• Only 1 in 5 low- and middle-income countries have the necessary data to drive cancer policy.
About World Cancer Day
• World Cancer Day was proclaimed by the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC), a leading international non-governmental organisation.
• It was established to support the goals of the World Cancer Declaration written in 2008.
• The primary goal of the day is to significantly reduce illness and death caused by cancer by 2020. It also aims at raising awareness of cancer and to encourage its prevention, detection and treatment.