First Monday of October: World Habitat Day
The World Habitat Day was observed across the world on October 1, 2018, that is the first Monday of October 2018, to reflect the present state of the world’s towns and cities, and emphasise the basic right of all to receive adequate shelter.
The main event was held in Nairobi, Kenya.
2018 Theme: Municipal Solid Waste Management
The main aim behind the observance of this year’s World Habitat Day is to address the municipal solid waste management challenge with a slogan ‘Waste-Wise Cities’. The theme aims to:
The Solid Waste Management has become a global issue in recent years. The amount of waste produced by individuals is growing daily and often costs local authorities a large proportion of their budget.
In 2010, every day 0.8 kilograms of waste was produced by every person in the world. The amount of total waste generated is expected to triple to 5.9 billion tons a year by 2025 due to ineffective waste management strategies.
Unplanned and poor waste collection and disposal can lead to serious health problems from uncontrolled dump sites.
• In 1985, the United Nations designated the first Monday of October of every year as World Habitat Day.
• The day was first celebrated in 1986.
• The day intends to remind the world of its power and responsibility to shape the future of all cities and towns.
• The United Nations Human Settlements Programme in 1989 launched the ‘UN-Habitat Scroll of Honour award’. It is the most prestigious human settlements award in the world.
• Every year, World Habitat Day takes on a new theme to promote sustainable development policies that ensure adequate shelter for all.
Video: Check out the latest current affairs of this week