11 July: World Population Day
The World Population Day was observed across the globe on July 11, 2018 to focus attention on the urgency and importance of population issues.
Theme 2018: Family Planning is a Human Right
The theme of the World Population Day 2018 was ‘Family Planning is a Human Right’.
This year marked the 50th anniversary of the 1968 International Conference on Human Rights wherein for the first time, family planning was globally affirmed as a human right.
The conference came up with the ‘Teheran Proclamation’ stating that, “Parents have a basic human right to determine freely and responsibly the number and spacing of their children.”
Facts and Figures
• The current world’s population is 7.6 billion and is expected to reach 8.6 billion in 2030, according to UN report 2017.
• Roughly 83 million people are being added to world’s population every year.
• China with 1.4 billion people and India with 1.3 billion people are the two most populous countries contributing to 19 percent and 18 percent of the global population respectively. It is predicted that around 2024 or in 7 years, India’s population will surpass that of china.
• Around 214 million women still lack safe and effective family planning, for reasons ranging from lack of information or services to lack of support from their partners or communities.
• Nearly half of the estimated 56 million abortions carried out worldwide each year are unsafe, leading to the deaths of at least 22800 women every year, due to a combination of lack of access to contraception, strict laws on abortion and stigma around terminations.
• 95 percent of the world's births among adolescent girls occur in developing countries.
Nine standards to uphold human right for family planning
Non-discrimination: Family planning information and services cannot be restricted on the basis of race, sex, language, religion, political affiliation, national origin, age, disability status, marital status or gender.
Available: Countries must ensure that family planning commodities and services are available to all.
Accessible: Countries must ensure that family planning commodities and services are accessible to everyone.
Acceptable: Contraceptive services and information must be provided in a dignified manner.
Good quality: Family planning information must be clearly communicated and scientifically accurate.
Informed decision-making: Every person must be empowered to make reproductive choices.
Privacy and confidentiality: All individuals must enjoy the right to privacy when seeking family planning services.
Participation: Countries have an obligation to ensure the active and informed participation of individuals.
Accountability: Health systems, education systems, leaders and policymakers must be accountable to the people they serve in all efforts to realise the human right to family planning.
About World Population Day
• World Population Day is an annual event observed on 11 July every year.
• The day seeks to raise awareness of global population issues.
• The event was established by the Governing Council of the United Nations Development Programme in 1989.
• The day aims at increasing people's awareness on various population issues such as the importance of family planning, gender equality, poverty, maternal health and human rights.
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