World Sparrow Day 2020: Know Status and Importance of domestic sparrow in India
Sparrows were a common sight in the courtyard of almost every house in India, but now it is hardly visible. The number of sparrows is decreasing day by day.
World Sparrow Day is celebrated with the aim to bring awareness about the conservation of Sparrows in the world and the decreasing number of Sparrow. Earlier, Sparrow was known as the most friendly and household bird in India but now, it has been disappearing rapidly.
The Nature Forever Society of Indian environmentalist Mohammad Dilawar started this initiative in view of the rapid decline in its population. The first World Sparrow Day was celebrated in 2010 in different parts of the world.
According to a 2018 report of the Royal Society of London, the bond between humans and sparrows is 11,000 years old. The study said that similar adaptation started through agriculture in three different species - dogs, domestic sparrows and humans.
Status of Sparrow in India
According to a recent survey by the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, the number of other birds has increased in the last 40 years, but sparrow numbers have decreased by 60% in India. There are 26 species of sparrow worldwide while 5 of them are found in India.
According to the 2015 bird census, there were only 5692 sparrows in Lucknow and about 775 sparrows in some areas of Punjab. In 2017, only 29 sparrows were identified in Thiruvananthapuram.
A survey by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research found that their number decreased by 80% in Andhra Pradesh. States like Kerala, Gujarat and Rajasthan have seen up to 20% decline.
World Sparrow Day was first observed in 2010 with the efforts of Mohammad Dilawar, president of the Nature Forever Society. Since then, this day is observed every year on March 20. Its purpose is to bring awareness among the people towards the protection of sparrow.
Importance of Sparrow
Sparrow plays an important role in environmental balance. Sparrows feed their children with insects called alpha and catworm. These insects are extremely dangerous for crops. They kill the leaves of crops and destroy them. In addition, sparrow eats insects that appear during monsoon season .