A Brief history on the relationship between North and South Korea
Recently, the friendly gesture between North Korea and South Korea has given shower of relief to the geopolitics because many political scientists hoping that might be a game changer towards peace and stability on the Korean peninsula.
Why it is called a shower of relief because Korean peninsula as North Korea experienced ups and downs in its relations with South Korea always shifted attentions of geopolitics. The combative relationship between the North and South Korea can be traced all the way back to the Korean War (1950 –1953), which resulted the division of the Korean peninsula along the 38th parallel.
Why did conflict arise between North and South Korea?
The undivided Korea was ruled by the dynasty known as “Choson” for more than five centuries until 1910. During this dynastic rule, Korea had diplomatic relations with China and Japan, but after the decline of the Choson dynasty, Japan made Korean peninsula as its colony. During World War II, Japan was defeated and as a result the Korean peninsula was divided. America and the Soviet Union took control of the peninsula. The North Korea was controlled by USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) and the South Korea was controlled by USA (United States of America).
Finally, the Korean War nailed the mutual mistrust and hostility between North and South Korea. The two countries never signed a peace treaty after their war in the 1950s, so they remain technically at war.
1. North Korea presented itself as a champion of orthodox Communism whereas South Korea has a democratic style of government and anti-Communist military dictatorship.
2. North Korea wants to reunite under the Juche ideology, whereas South Korea wants to reunite through democratic and capitalist ways.
3. Both the countries consider the other part of their own due to same ethnicity, but the different governmental system leads to conflict.
People and Ideological Divide
Korean history and a collective memory of having been a unified, independent state for over a millennium, however, are a powerful reminder to Koreans that they have a shared identity, culture and language. But the ideological as well as political divides shade the differences in the outlook of Korean life.
Tension has been mounted high in world politics because North Korea is controlled by a dictatorship whereas South Korea is a democratic republic. Hence, the current diplomatic hot talk presents new risks towards peace and stability on the Korean peninsula.