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Africa: Fact at a glance

27-JAN-2016 16:46

    Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most-populous continent. The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, both the Suez Canal and the Red Sea along the Sinai Peninsula to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.


    Instant Fact

    Largest Agglomeration

    Egypt - Cairo

    Major Island


    Major River

    Nile, (Other important rivers: Congo, Niger, Zambezi)

    Longest Man-Made

    River Libya Great Man Made River Project

    Major Lake

    Victoria, 69,500 km2 (Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania)

    Longest Freshwater Lake

    Tanganyika (32,900 km2) 676 km long, max 72 km wide, (Congo DR Tanzania).  Lake Tanganyika is also the world's second deepest lake with a maximum of 1435 m.

    Largest Desert

    Sahara, North Africa, Kalahari, south-western Africa

    Main Language Families

    Over 1000 languages. The 240 Afro-Asiatic languages throughout East Africa,North Africa, the Sahel. The 100 Nilo-Saharan languages (30 million) in Chad, Ethiopia,Kenya, Sudan, Uganda and northern Tanzania. The Niger-Congo (and Banthu) Saharan Africa. Probably; the largest language family in the world in terms of different languages. The 50 Khoisan languages in Southern Africa. The Khoi and San peoples are considered the original inhabitants of this part of Africa.

    Main Religions


    Approximately 46% of all Africans are Christians and another 40% are Muslims. Roughly 12% percent of Africans primarily follow indigenous African religions.

    Largest Cities

    Lagos (Nigeria); Cairo (Egypt); Kinshasa, (Conqo-Kinshasa); Alexandria (Egypt); Casablanca (Morocco); Abidjan (Cot d'ivoire); Addis Ababa (Ethiopa); Giza (Egypt); Algiers (Algeria); Nairobi (Kenya); Dakar (Senegal).

    Highest Point

    Tanzania - Mt Kilimanjaro 5895 m

    Lowest Point

    Djibouti; Lake Assai

    Image Courtesy: www.d39ya49a1fwv14.cloudfront.net 

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