Aurangzeb Alamgir (1658-1707)
Aurangzeb sat on the throne of Mughal empire in 1658 with the title Alamgir. Aurangzeb was an ardent follower of Islam. Some of the highlights of his religious nature are as following:-
• Aurnagzeb destroyed the temples and broke the idols.
• He lived like a Fakir and that’s why he was called jinda Fakir.
• He never tasted wine and slept on the ground.
• He made skull caps in his free time.
• He ordered the ban on music everywhere.
• He reintroduced Jazia.
The rebellions broke out in every part of India with Jats, Bundelas, Sikhs and Marathas opposing Aurangzeb’s rule. It started to weaken the foundation of the Mughal empire which had based the policy of religious tolerance since the time of Akbar.
The Mughal empire, after the death of Aurangzeb disintegrated fast and was finally put to an end by the British.
Aurangzeb died in 1707 and was buried at Khuldabad, near Aurnagabad. After his death, a war of succession once again took place among his sons.