Chahamans or Chauhanas of Shakambhari
The Chauhan dynasty ruled Shakambari region in 11th century, it was a politic ally strong dynasty known for its policies. The great Rajputs were the kings of Chauhan dynasty known for their bravery and loyalty. He originally belonged to Agnivanshi Clan (descendants of the Fire God).The name of the rulers of Chauhanas of Shakambhari and their contribution is discussed below:
- He was the first ruler of Chauhans.
- He defeated the Paramaras and captured their capital Ujjaini.
- He was the founder of the beautiful city, Ajmer.
- Ajaya raja’s son, Arno raja, took over the throne in or about 1133 AD.
- Earlier he had a conflict with the Chalukyas but in the end he acknowledges the greatness of Chalukya Jayasimha and married his daughter. But the relations with the Chalukyas were not smooth.
- Chalukya Kumarapala twice defeated Arno Raja.
- The most important and powerful ruler of Chauhan’s was Vigraha raja IV. He conquered the nearby regions and increased the boundaries of the empire.
- He ruled between 1153 AD and 1163 AD. He started his victorious career by conquering small states of Southern Rajputana from the Chalukyas and the Paramaras. His victories in Northern region brought fame to him.
- He triumphed over the Tomaras and took possession of Eastern Punjab and Delhi. He won over the Muslim ruler of Punjab. He extended his kingdom from North (Shivalik Hills) to South (Udaipur).
After Vigraha Raja, two rulers Prithviraj II and Somesvara ruled Chauhan dynasty. They had thoughtless reign. Someshvara was followed by his son Prithvira III
Prithviraj Chauhan III
- Prithviraj Chauhan is one of the most remembered Hindu King of Ajmer.
- He was an ambitious ruler, but had a rivalry with the Chalukyas of Gujarat. However, in the war between King of Gujarat and Mohammed Ghori, Prithviraj acted neutral. He wanted to escape from the historic fight but it proved to be a wrong decision and the Kingdom of Gujarat was in the cruel hands of Muhammed Ghori, which gave birth to Muslim era in India.
- Prithviraj realized his mistake and expounded his empire by winning over some of the areas of Chalukyan king.
- In the end, he could not avoid the fight against Muhammad Ghori and had to face two battles known as Battles of Train in 1191 and 1192. Prithviraj Chauhan lost the second battle and later on he was assassinated by Muhammad Ghori in Ajmer.
- He was a great Hindu ruler of Ajmer who died a hero’s death.
The Chauhan dynasty after Prithviraj Chauhan
Almost all the brave soldiers were killed during the second war of Tarain and the moral of the Rajput’s was lost. There was no one to take the charge. Hari raja, brother of Prithviraj became ruler of Ajmer and accepted hostility of Aibek. The Chauhan dynasty was then shifted to Ranthambhor. In 1302 AD Ala-ud-din- Khilji captured Ranthambhore and the Chauhan dynasty came to its end.
Rajput’s are regarded as the brave and courageous fighters in the history of India. The Rajputs are known for their pride, at that time they were strong enough to think of themselves as self-sufficient rulers. Rajputs were too arrogant to take anyone’s help and they never helped anyone. The Chauhan Dynasty of Shakambri (modern Sambhar-Rajasthan) had many strong successors but still it lost its existence, as it took the wrong decision of refusing help from others at the time of Battle of Tarain. The Chauhans lost their treasury, time and soldiers in the battle and its successors after the battle were short of resources which gradually made the dynasty to decline. One of the main rulers was Prithviraj Chauhan; his court poet was Chanbardai who composed ‘Prithviraj Raso’. We should always look up to history to learn, Chauhans are a great example to take lessons from their mistakes and powers.