Chandrayan I: India's First Lunar Probe

04-FEB-2016 17:12

    Chandrayaan-1 was India's first lunar probe. It was launched by the Indian Space Research Organisation in October 2008, and operated until August 2009. The mission included a lunar orbiter and an impactor. It was launched  from Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota, by the PSLV C-11 on 22 October 2008. The spacecraft was orbiting around the Moon at a height of 100 km from the lunar surface for chemical, mineralogical and photo-geologic mapping of the Moon. The spacecraft carries 11 scientific instruments built in India, USA, UK, Germany, Sweden and Bulgaria.


    Mission Type

    Remote Sensing, Planetary Science


    1380 kg (Mass at lift off)

    Onboard Power

    700 Watts


    3 - Axis stabilised using reaction wheel and attitude control thrusters, sun sensors, star sensors, fibre optic gyros and accelerometers for altitude determination.


    Scientific Payloads from India

    a) Terrain Mapping Camera (TMC)

    b) Hyper Spectral Imager (HySI)

    c) Lunar Laser Ranging Instrument (LLRI)

    d) High Energy X - ray Spectrometer (HEX)

    e) Moon Impact Probe(MIP)

    Scientific Payloads from abroad

    f) Chandrayaan-I  X-ray Spectrometer (CIXS)

    g) Near Infrared Spectrometer (SIR - 2)

    h) Sub keV Atom Reflecting Analyzer (SARA)

    i) Miniature Synthetic Aperture Radar (Mini SAR)

    j) Moon Mineralogy Mapper (M3)

    k) Radiation Dose Monitor (RADOM)

    Launch Date

    22 October 2008

    Launch Site

    SDSC, SHAR, Sriharikota

    Launch Vehicle

    PSLV - C11


    100 km x 100 km : Lunar Orbit

    Mission life

    2 years

    NOTE: After the successful completion of all the major mission objectives, the orbit was raised to 200 km in May 2009.


    Image source:

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