Chhattisgarh: Geography

Chhattisgarh is engraved out of Madhya Pradesh and came into being on November 1, 2000 as the Twenty Sixth State of the Union. It accomplishes the long- treasured demand of the people.
Created On: Nov 22, 2013 13:47 IST

Chhattisgarh is engraved out of Madhya Pradesh and came into being on November 1, 2000 as the Twenty Sixth State of the Union. It accomplishes the long- treasured demand of the people. In prehistoric times the county was recognized as Dakshin - Kausal. Between the 6th and 12th centuries Panduavanshi, Sarabhpurias, Somvanshi, Nagvanshi and Kalchuri rulers subjugated this region. Kalchuris ruled in Chhattisgarh region from 980 to 1791 AD.

 

With the start of the British rule in the year 1845, Raipur expanded distinction as a replacement for its capital Ratanpur. In the year 1904, Sambalpur region was relocated to Odisha and the estates of Sarguja were shifted from Bengal to Chhattisgarh. Chhattisgarh is enclosed by Southern Jharkhand and Odisha in the East, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh in the west, Western Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh in the North and Andhra Pradesh in South.

 

Geographical features

 

Coordinates: 21.27°N 81.60°E

Established: 01 November 2000

Capital: Raipur

Largest city: Raipur

Districts: 27 (9 dist. new)

Official languages: Chhattisgarhi and Hindi

 

Major Rivers of Chhattisgarh

 

Name of the river:  Kanhar River

Passes through: Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh

 

Name of the river: Rihand River

Passes through: Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh 

 

Name of the river: Sankh River

Passes through:  Chattisgarh, Odisha, Jharkhand

 

Name of the river: Tandula River

Passes through: Chhattisgarh

 

Name of the river: Sondur River

Passes through: Chhattisgarh

 

Name of the river: Shivnath River

Passes through: Chhattisgarh

 

Name of the river: Sabari River

Passes through: Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, Chhattisgarh

 

Name of the river: Rihand River

Passes through: Chhattisgarh

 

Name of the river: Mand River

Passes through: Chhattisgarh, Orissa

 

Name of the river: Indravati River

Passes through: Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh

 

Major Waterfalls

 

Name of the waterfall: Chitrakoot Falls

Location: Jagdalpur, India

Total height: 29 metres

 Watercourse: Indravati River

 

Name of the waterfall: Teerathgarh Falls

Total height: 91 metres

Watercourse: Kanger River

 

 

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