The main sources of water in Chhattisgarh are Tanks, rivers and ground waters. Chhattisgarh has major rivers providing the sustenance to the socio - economic improvement of the state, such as Sheonath, Mahanadi, Indravati, Hasdeo, Arpa, Kelo, Rehar, Son, Kanhar etc.
The geographical area of Chhattisgarh can be divided into 5 major river basins:
1. Mahanadi Basin (75,546 Sq.Km.)
2. Godavari Basin (39,577 Sq.Km.)
3. Ganga Basin (18,808 Sq.Km.)
4. Narmada Basin (2,113 Sq.Km.)
5. Brahmani Basin (1,316 Sq.Km.)
Total 137,360 Sq.Km.
Under the Asian Development aided Chhattisgarh Irrigation Development Project, it is planned to endorse sustainability of irrigated agriculture and perk up water resources managing by healing and upgrading of inconsequential scheme diversification and field enhancement.
Chhattisgarh has a record of tanks constructed in villages since Kalchuri Kings and practically every village has a small tank for every day needs. There are 4 Major, 2199 Minor and 33 Medium completed irrigation projects in Chhattisgarh as on March 31, 2006. To triumph over condition of persistent draughts due to unstable rainfall, the Chhattisgarh government has taken up numerous novel irrigation projects on top precedence with a decisive aim of accomplishing irrigation for 75 percent cultivable area. An all - inclusive master plan for Chhattisgarh, for most advantageous use of water resources is also being prepared.
Chhattisgarh is perched to become the power hub of India. The plentiful accessibility of coal guarantees stable supply of raw material for potential thermal power projects. Chhattisgarh’s Energy Policy endeavors to offer power to all villages and households and to persuade private chipping in power production. Chhattisgarh Government energetically aids confidential power producers to arrange power projects in the state. The State Government has formed Renewable Energy Development Authority for expansion of renewable sources. Chhattisgarh Bio fuel Development Agency has been formed to take up a striving programme for expansion of Bio - Diesel in Chhattisgarh. Chhattisgarh created a considerable 36 % of the entire power engendered in entire Madhya Pradesh, contributing 42 % Thermal and 14 % of Hydel power. In terms of power utilization, Chhattisgarh devours around 24 % of total consumption in 1996 - 97 and 1997 - 98.
Dimly less than half of the geographical vicinity of Chhattisgarh is enclosed by forests. They are affluent in biodiversity. Timber adds about 40 % of the total forest proceeds. Rest comes from Non Wood Forest Products. Chhattisgarh has 3 major national parks, Sarguja, Kanger Valley National Park in Bastar, Indrawati National park in Dantewara and Guru Ghasidas National Park in Koriya. There are eleven wildlife sanctuaries. Practically 10,000 industrial units rely on forests for their raw material support. Chhattisgarh is prosperous in Non Wood Forest Products like Harra, Tendu Leaves, Sal Seed, Mahua, Gum, Amla, Lac, Achar, Chironji and numerous medicinal plants. Chhattisgarh has prospective to swarm a number of Medicinal, Herbal, Aromatic plant based units. The Recorded forest area in Chhattisgarh is 59,772 km2 which is 44.21% of its geographical area. Reserved, unclassed and protected forests constitute 43.13%, 16.65% and 40.21% of the total forest area respectively.
Chhattisgarh congregates an extensive diversity of minerals found allied with sedimentary, metamorphic and igneous rock configuration. A small number of them form hefty economic dumps whereas a number of other minerals are stated as occurrences. Hefty deposits of Iron ore, Coal, Limestone, Bauxite and Dolomite is found in various parts of Chhattisgarh. Diamondiferous Kimber lites acknowledged in Raipur region are also expected to acquiesce sizeable amount of diamonds. Tin bearing Pegmatites including judicious deposits are also acknowledged. Average to small deposits of gold base metals, soapstone/steatite, quartzite, fluorite, graphite, corundum, lepidolite, amblygonite of feasible size are also recognized that may score in the kind of hefty deposits after searching. Episodes of garnet, beryl, amethyst, andalucite, sillimanite, kyaniteand rare expensive mineral alexandrite are also accounted from diverse parts of the State.