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Do you know the difference between Estuary and Delta

05-APR-2018 17:23
    Do you know the difference between Estuary and Delta

    The rivers originate from the mountains and flow from the plain to rift valley when it drains its water into the sea or any other watercourse either they form estuary or delta. Delta is formed by the sediment of the river that is brought by river, whereas those rivers have tidal tendencies form estuary where it meet the sea. Here, we are giving brief note which will be helpful for understanding the differences between difference between Estuary and Delta.

    Difference between Estuary and Delta

    Basis

    Reason

    Meaning

    Estuary is an area where salt water of sea mixes with fresh water of rivers.

    Delta is a low triangular area of alluvial deposits where a river divides before entering a larger body of water.

    Types

    Estuary: Coastal plain estuaries; tectonic estuaries; bar-built estuaries; and fjord estuaries.

    Delta: Arcuate or fan-shaped; Cuspate; and Bird's foot.

    Formation

    Estuary: It is formed by a tidal bore, which ablates the riverbed and carries the silt out to sea.

    Delta: When rivers drain its water into sea or any other watercourse along with sediment at the mouth of the river. If these sediments cannot carry away by the waves and tides. It builds up in layers forming a delta.

    Where it formed

    Estuary: The region which has high tides and rift valley.

    Delta: The region which has low tides and coastal plants

    Fertility

    Estuary: The never form fertile land

    Delta: The sediment carried by the rivers form fertile land.

    Favourable for agriculture and habitation

    Estuary: It form the wildlife habitats and not suitable for agriculture.

    Delta: It is suitable for agriculture due to rich sediments. However, it flood prone region.

    The features of estuary and delta are determined by a region's geology and influenced by physical, chemical, and climatic conditions. The rivers that have a large catchment area, flows through longer distance and carry sediment which are not rapidly carried by ocean wave makes delta which is also one of the landform. Whereas Estuary is formed by those rivers which have the shortest catchment area, flows from rift valley and drains its water directly to the sea or ocean and any other form of the watercourse. The old civilizations were formed along river valleys and deltas due to its fertility. Many important port towns are located on the estuaries and they make excellent harbours and fisheries.

    Do you know the difference between Peninsular River regime and the Himalayan River Regime?

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