National Panchayati Raj in India 2021: GK Questions and Answers on Panchayati Raj
Panchayati Raj in India: Panchayati Raj is a significant topic asked frequently in competitive examinations. Questions provided below give you an insight into Panchayati Raj, its evolution, various committees set up for Panchayati Raj, salient features of the 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act, etc. Solve this set and evaluate your preparation for the upcoming exams to be held in India.
1. Which of the following committee recommended for Panchayati Raj System in India?
(a) Punchhi Samiti
(b) Balwantrai Mehta Committee
(c) Singhvi Committee
(d) None of the following
Explanation: Balwant Rai Mehta Committee was made for the Panchayati Raj system in India; which submitted its report in 1957.
2. How many tiers are in the Panchayati Raj system of India?
Explanation: Three-tier system is arranged i.e. Gram Panchayat, Panchayat Samiti, and Zila Parishad.
3. Which of the following system is established on the basis of the direct election?
(a) Gram Panchayat
(b) Block Committee
(c) Zila Parishad
(d) Both b and c
Explanation: The Gram Panchayat is established on the basis of direct election.
4. Which of the following statements is not correct?
(a) Panchayati Raj was established in India by Jawahar Lal Nehru
(b) Madhya Pradesh was the first state which implemented The Panchayati Raj system in India
(c) 73rd Constitutional amendment was implemented in 1992
(d) Tamil Nadu has adopted the bicameral method
Explanation: First of all the Panchayati Raj system was established in Rajasthan (2 October 1959) after which Andhra Pradesh adopted this system.
5. Which of the following Article is related to Panchayati Raj?
(a) Article 243
(b) Article 324
(c) Article 124
(d) Article 73
Explanation: Article 243
6. What was the main purpose behind bringing the Panchayati Raj system to India?
(a) To Prevent criminalization of politics
(b) Development of villages
(c) Decentralisation of the political power to the general peoples
(d) To reduce election expenses
Explanation: Decentralization of power to connect the masses with politics
7. Which schedule was added to the constitution by the 73rd Constitutional Amendment?
Explanation: 11th schedule was added in the Indian constitution.
8. Which statement is not correct regarding "Gram Sabha"?
(a) It is a body consisting of persons registered in the electoral rolls of a village comprised within the area of the Panchayat level.
(b) It is a village assembly consisting of all the registered voters in the area of the Panchayat.
(c) Its powers have been determined by the Central Government
(d) Its powers and functions at the village level are like state legislature at the state level.
Explanation: Its powers have been determined by the State Legislature.
9. Which statement is true about Panchayati Raj?
(a) The Panchayat Samiti and Zila Parishad should be constituted with directly elected members.
(b) Minimum age should be 18 years to contest the election at the panchayat level
(c) Election of the Panchayati Raj institutions is conducted under the guidance of the State Election Commission.
(d) For the financial review of Panchayats, the state Finance Commission is established after 6 years
Explanation: The election of the Panchayati Raj institutions is conducted under the guidance of the State Election Commission.
10. How many posts are reserved for women at all levels in the Panchayati raj system.
Explanation: One-third of posts (for both the member and the chief) are reserved for women.