GK Quiz on Solar Eclipse (Ring of Fire) or Surya Grahan

The solar eclipse occur when the Moon passes between the Earth and the Sun. It is also known as Ring of Fire and Surya Grahan in Hindi. On 26 December 2019, solar eclipse is visible from several parts of India and from Sri Lanka, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Sumatra and Borneo in Indonesia. Let us study more about solar eclipse in the form of questions and answers.
Created On: Dec 26, 2019 11:19 IST
Modified On: Dec 26, 2019 11:29 IST
GK Quiz on Total Solar Eclipse
GK Quiz on Total Solar Eclipse

During all solar eclipses, we do not get to see a 'Ring of Fire' and when in the solar eclipse 'Ring of Fire' is visible then it is known as annular solar eclipse. During this type of an eclipse, the centre of the Sun gets covered with the Moon in such a way that the outer edge of the Sun is left visible and it looks like a ring. When it is viewed from a long distance it appears like a ring of fire around the Moon which is also known as the 'annulus'. 26 December 2019, solar eclipse is an annular solar eclipse.

1. Which of the following statement is true regarding Solar Eclipse?
A. It occurs when the Moon passes between the Earth and the Sun.
B. Moon blocks the light of the Sun passing through while causing a shadow to appear on the surface of the Earth.
C. Only A
D. Both A and B
Ans. D
Explanation: A Solar Eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between the Earth and the Sun. Hence, blocks the light of the Sun from passing through and causes a shadow that appears on the Earth's Surface.

2. From which place Solar Eclipse will be visible in December 2019?
A. India
B. Sri Lanka
C. Saudi Arabia
D. All the above
Ans. D
Explanation: Solar Eclipse or Ring of Fire on 26 December 2019 will be visible in most parts of India, Sri Lanka, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Sumatra and Borneo in Indonesia. 

3. What was the duration of Total Solar Eclipse that occurred on 2nd July, 2019?
A. 2 minutes
B. 2 minutes and 11 seconds
C. 4 minutes
D. 4 minutes and 33 seconds
Ans. D
Explanation: The Total Solar Eclipse on 2 July, 2019 will last four minutes and 33 seconds.

4. Almost identical eclipses occur after 18 years and 11 days. This cycle is known as:
A. Partial Eclipse cycle
B. Total Eclipse Cycle
C. Saros Cycle
D. None of the above
Ans. C
Explanation: Almost identical eclipses occur after 18 years and 11 days known as the Saros Cycle.

5. What is the maximum width of the path of totality during Solar Eclipse?
A. 200 Km
B. 250 Km
C. 269 Km
D. 278 Km
Ans. C
Explanation: 269 Km is the maximum width of the path of totality.

6. Each year how many Solar Eclipses can occur?
A. Between 2 and 4
B. Between 2 and 5
C. Between 1 and 4
D. Between 3 and 7
Ans. B
Explanation: It is said that each year there are between 2 and 5 solar eclipses can occur.

7.  In which type of Solar Eclipse, Sun looks as if a bite has been taken from it?
A. Partial Solar Eclipse
B. Total Solar Eclipse
C. Totality and Maximum Solar Eclipse
D. Hybrid Solar Eclipse
Ans. A
Explanation: During Partial Solar Eclipse, the Moon starts becoming visible over the Sun's disc. The Sun looks as if a bite has been taken from it.

8. In which type of solar eclipse the Sun's center is covered by the moon, leaving its edges uncovered?
A. Partial Solar Eclipse
B. Total Solar Eclipse
C. Annular Solar Eclipse
D. None of the above
Ans. C
Explanation: Annular solar eclipse occurs when the Sun's center is covered by the moon leaving its edges left uncovered, producing a ring of the Sun around its edges. Basically, annular eclipses occur when the moon appears smaller than the sun.

9. Which of the following statement is true for Hybrid Eclipse?
A. Hybrid eclipses always have short duration of the annular and total eclipses.
B. The Hybrid Eclipse is a fairly rare event.
C. A hybrid eclipse is one which is seen as annular by observers in one part of the Earth and at the same time, is seen as a total eclipse by others in another part of the Earth.
D. All the above
Ans. D
Explanation: Hybrid Eclipse fairly a rare event. A hybrid eclipse is one which is seen as annular by observers in one part of the Earth and at the same time, is seen as a total eclipse by others in another part of the Earth. The moon is merely far enough from the Earth but the umbra cannot reach the sides of the Earth. As eclipse takes place, the western part of the Earth will see an annular eclipse. Observers in the outer parts of the eclipse track (outlined in green) will witness an annular eclipse. Hybrid eclipses always have short duration of the annular and total eclipses.

10. Certain phenomena can only be seen during a total solar eclipse:
A. Shadow bands
B. Diamond Ring
C. The Sun's Corona
D. All the above
Ans. D
Explanation: Certain phenomena that can only be seen during Total Solar Eclipse are shadow bands, diamond ring, Sun's corona, Baily's beads and the Sun's chromosphere.

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