Jharkhand at a Glance: Land of Coal Field

09-FEB-2016 18:11

    Jharkhand is a state in eastern India carved out of the southern part of Bihar on 15 November 2000.The state shares its border with the states of Bihar to the north, Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh to the west, Odisha to the south, and West Bengal to the east. It has an area of 79,710 km2 (30,778 sq mi). The city of Ranchi is its capital while the industrial city of Jamshedpur is the largest in the state. It is the top producer of iron ore, copper ore,kainite,mica and uranium (Jaduguda mines, Narwa Pahar).


    Source: jharkhanddarshan.com


    79,714 sq. kms


    3.29 cr (2011 census)


    15 Nov. 2000 (bifurcated from Bihar)


    Hindi and Urdu, Kurmati,Santhali,Ho, Kurukh,Sadri,Mundari,Khariya,Malto,Nagpuria,Bengali

    Neighboring states

    Bihar, UP, Chhattisgarh,Odisha, West Bengal



    Members of Parliament

    Lok Sabha=14 ,Rajya Sabha= 6


    Ranchi,Jamshedpur,Bokaro,Giridih,Deogarh, Hazaribagh and Daltonganj

    Religious (Segmentation of Population) census 2011

    Religion in Jharkhand (2011)

    Hinduism (67.8%)

    Islam (14.5%)

    Sarnaism (12.8%)

    Christianity (4.3%)

    Not religious (0.6%) 


    Chhath, Diwali, Eid, Buddh Purnima, Durga Puja, Sarhul, Bandna, Sohraj and Dasai

    Economy  Size

    SGDP $ 33.811billion(2014-15)

    It is India’s 2nd largest coal producer. In minerals richest state of India


    67.63 % of total population




    Unicameral (81 seats)

    Members of Parliament

    Lok Sabha= 14, Rajya Sabha= 6

    Sex Ratio (as per 2011 census)

    947 Per Thousand male

    Principal Folk Dances

    Jhumar, Paiku, Chhau,Agni, Santhal, Nachni,Jamda, Ghatwari, Natwa,Chaukara, Sohrai

    Principal Crops

    Paddy, Wheat, maize and Pulses


    Sankh, South Koel, Damodar,Subarnarekha, Barakat

    Principal Minerals

    Copper, Coal, Iron, Maganese, Mica, Chromite, Bauxite, Pyrite, Limestone And Dolomite

    National Parks

    Plamu, Hazaribagh,

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