Jharkhand at a Glance: Land of Coal Field

Jharkhand is a state in eastern India carved out of the southern part of Bihar on 15 November 2000.The state shares its border with the states of Bihar to the north, Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh to the west, Odisha to the south, and West Bengal to the east. It has an area of 79,710 km2 (30,778 sq mi). The city of Ranchi is its capital while the industrial city of Jamshedpur is the largest in the state. It is the top producer of iron ore, copper ore, kainite, mica and uranium (Jaduguda mines, Narwa Pahar).
Created On: Feb 9, 2016 18:11 IST
Modified On: Mar 15, 2016 17:12 IST

Jharkhand is a state in eastern India carved out of the southern part of Bihar on 15 November 2000.The state shares its border with the states of Bihar to the north, Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh to the west, Odisha to the south, and West Bengal to the east. It has an area of 79,710 km2 (30,778 sq mi). The city of Ranchi is its capital while the industrial city of Jamshedpur is the largest in the state. It is the top producer of iron ore, copper ore,kainite,mica and uranium (Jaduguda mines, Narwa Pahar).

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Source: jharkhanddarshan.com

Area

79,714 sq. kms

Population

3.29 cr (2011 census)

Establishment

15 Nov. 2000 (bifurcated from Bihar)

Language

Hindi and Urdu, Kurmati,Santhali,Ho, Kurukh,Sadri,Mundari,Khariya,Malto,Nagpuria,Bengali

Neighboring states

Bihar, UP, Chhattisgarh,Odisha, West Bengal

Capital 

Ranchi

Members of Parliament

Lok Sabha=14 ,Rajya Sabha= 6

Airports

Ranchi,Jamshedpur,Bokaro,Giridih,Deogarh, Hazaribagh and Daltonganj

Religious (Segmentation of Population) census 2011

Religion in Jharkhand (2011)

Hinduism (67.8%)

Islam (14.5%)

Sarnaism (12.8%)

Christianity (4.3%)

Not religious (0.6%) 

Festivals

Chhath, Diwali, Eid, Buddh Purnima, Durga Puja, Sarhul, Bandna, Sohraj and Dasai

Economy  Size

SGDP $ 33.811billion(2014-15)

It is India’s 2nd largest coal producer. In minerals richest state of India

Literacy

67.63 % of total population

Districts

24

Legislature

Unicameral (81 seats)

Members of Parliament

Lok Sabha= 14, Rajya Sabha= 6

Sex Ratio (as per 2011 census)

947 Per Thousand male

Principal Folk Dances

Jhumar, Paiku, Chhau,Agni, Santhal, Nachni,Jamda, Ghatwari, Natwa,Chaukara, Sohrai

Principal Crops

Paddy, Wheat, maize and Pulses

Rivers

Sankh, South Koel, Damodar,Subarnarekha, Barakat

Principal Minerals

Copper, Coal, Iron, Maganese, Mica, Chromite, Bauxite, Pyrite, Limestone And Dolomite

National Parks

Plamu, Hazaribagh,

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