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List of Archaeological Sites of Indus Valley Civilisation

Indus Valley Civilisation is one of the four earliest civilisations of the world. As per radio-carbon dating the civilisation can be dated around 2500-1750 BC. It is known for its systematic town planning which was based on grid system. Here is the list of archaeological sites of Indus Valley Civilisation which is very useful for the competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.
Apr 17, 2018 15:07 IST
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List of Archaeological Sites of Indus Valley Civilisation
List of Archaeological Sites of Indus Valley Civilisation

Indus Valley Civilisation is one of the four earliest civilisations of the world. As per radio-carbon dating the civilisation can be dated around 2500-1750 BC. It is known for its systematic town planning that was based on grid system. The cities of the Indus Valley Civilisation had "social hierarchies, their writing system, their large planned cities and their long-distance trade which mark them to archaeologists as a full-fledged 'civilisation. The people of the Indus Civilisation achieved great accuracy in measuring length, mass, and time. They were among the first to develop a system of uniform weights and measures.

List of Archaeological Sites of Indus Valley Civilisation

Archaeological Sites of Indus Valley Civilization

Description/Discovery /Findings

Harappa

1. Excavated by Daya Ram Sahni in 1921-1923.

2. Situated on the bank of river Ravi in Montgomery district of Punjab (Pakistan).

3. Stone dancing Natraja and Cemetry-37 have been excavated here.

Mohenjo-Daro (Mound of Dead)

1. Excavated by RD Bannerji in 1922.

2. Situated on the Bank of river Indus in Larkana district of Punjab (Pakistan).

3. Great Bath, Collegiate Building and the Assembly Hall are the special features of the site.

4. Pashupati Mahadeva (Proto Shiva) seal and fragment of woven cotton have been excavated.

Chanhudaro (Sindh, Pakistan)

1. Excavated by NG Majumdar in 1931.

2. Situated on the Bank of river Indus in Sindh, Pakistan.

3. It is only Indus Site with no Citadel.

4. Bronze figurines of bullock cart and ekkas and a small pot suggesting a kink well have been excavated.

Lothal (Gujarat)

1. Excavated by SR Rao in 1954.

2. Situated on the bank of river Bhogava.

3. City was divided into Citadel and the lower town and dockyard.

4. Evidence of rice has been found here.

Kalibanga (Black Bangles), Rajasthan

1. Excavated by BB Lal in 1961.

2. Situated on the bank of river Ghaggar

3. Evidence of ploughed field, wooden furrow, seven fire-altars, bones of camel and two types of burials (Circular grave and rectangular grave) have been found.

Dholavira

1. Excavated by JP Joshi in 1967-68.

2. Situated on the bank of river Luni of Kachchh district in Gujarat.

3. Evidence of unique water management system, Harapan inscription and stadium has been found here.

Surkotada (Gujarat)

1. Excavated by JP Joshi in 1972.

2. Situated between the rivers Sabarmati and the Bhogavo.

3. Evidence of horse, oval grave and pit burial has been found here.

Banawali (Haryana)

1. Excavated by RS Bisht in 1973.

2. Situated on the bank of river Saraswati.

3. Evidence of both pre-Harappan and Harappan culture and barley with good quality has been found here.

The Indus Valley Civilisation is also named the Harappa civilisation after Harappa, the first of its sites to be excavated in the 1920s, in what was then the Punjab province of British India.The discovery of Harappa, and soon afterwards Mohenjo-daro, was the culmination of work beginning in 1861 with the founding of the Archaeological Survey of India in the British Raj.

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