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List of some common man-made Polymers and their Uses

23-DEC-2016 15:34

    Polymers are made up of various molecules which combine together to form long chains. Polymers usually have high melting and boiling points like PVC (poly vinyl chloride), polystyrene, cellulose. These simple molecules which bind to form polymers are known as monomers.

    Jagranjosh

    Source: www.images.flatworldknowledge.com

    Monomers are the building blocks of more complex molecules, called polymers. Therefore, we can say that a monomer is a molecule that forms the basic unit for polymers and they bind with other monomers to form a repeated chain molecule. Like glucose, vinyl chloride, amino acids etc.

    Characteristics of polymers are:

    a) They are made, by addition or by condensation.

    b) They are homopolymers or heteropolymers (co-polymers).

    c) They are themoplastics, thermosets, elastomers or fibres.

    d) Have steric structure.

    List of important Synthetic fibres

    List of Some common man-made Polymers and their Uses:

    S. No.

    Polymer

    Use

    1.

    Polythene

    Packaging, material, carry bags, bottles.

    2.

    Teflon

    Nonstick Kitchen ware

    3.

    Polypropene

    Bottles, Crates

    4.

    Melamine

    Crockery

    5.

    Polyvinyl chloride (PVC)

    Pipes Insulation           

    6.

    Lexan

    Bullet proof glass

    7.

    Vinyl rubber

    Rubber erasers

    8.

    Bakelite

    Electrical insulation buttons

    9.

    Polystyrene

    Foam Thermocole

    10.

    Poly (Styrene butadiene)

    Rubber bubble gum

    11.

    Nylon (Polyester)

    Fibres, ropes

    12.

    Luminous Paints

    Glow when exposed to light. They are applied on a surface to protect it from corrosion and weathering.

    13.

    Antimicrobial polymers (polymeric biocide)

    The ability to inhibit the growth of microorganisms

    14.

    Antigen

    Substance capable of stimulating formation of antibodies.

    15.

    Antipyretie

    A substance used to lower body temperature.

    16.

    Pesticides

    Used to kill animals

    17.

    Para-aramid fibre (Kevlar)

    Manufacturing armour, sports and musical equipment. Used in the field of cryogenics.

    18.

    Polyacrylonitrile (PAN) (Orlon)

    Used for making clothes and fabrics like sweaters, hats,rugs, etc

    19.

    Copolyamid (Technora)

    Used for manufacturing optical fiber cables, drumheads, automotive industry, ropes, wire ropes and cables.

    20.

    Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)(Viton)

    Viton B is used in chemical process plants and gaskets. As it depends upon the grade of the polymer.

    We have seen the list of polymers with their uses.  But one question arises in my mind that how polymers are formed.

    They are formed with the help of a process known as polymerization. It is the process of binding smaller monomers into the polymers by covalent bond. During polymerization, chemical groups are lost from the monomers so that they may join together. In the case of biopolymers of carbohydrates, this is a dehydration reaction in which water is formed.

    Jagranjosh

    Source: www.oecotextiles.files.wordpress.com

    How Substances are formed

    DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

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