A salt is compound that formed from an acid by the replacement of the hydrogen in the acid by a metal. They are formed when acids reacts with base. Lets us find out the list of various salts and their uses which may be helpful for competetive examinations.
Created On: Oct 13, 2016 17:47 IST
Modified On: Mar 10, 2017 13:13 IST
A salt is compound that formed from an acid by the replacement of the hydrogen in the acid by a metal. They are formed when acids reacts with base.
Here, we are sharing the list of an important salts and theirs uses which is very important for the preparation of examinations like UPSC, CDS, NDA, State PSC, Railways etc.
Used as a preservative in pickles and in curing meat and fish.
Used in the manufacture of soap.
Used to melt the ice in winter in cold countries.
Used for making chemical likes washing Soda, baking soda etc.
Sodium Hydroxide (NaOH)
Used for making soap and detergent
Used for making artificial textile fibre (rayon)
Used in the manufacturing of paper
Used for purification of bauxite ore
Used in de-greasing metals, oil refining and making dyes and bleaches
Sodium Carbonate or Washing Soda (Na2CO3.10H2O)
Used as cleansing agent
Used for removing permanent hardness of water
Used in the manufacturing of glass, soap and paper
Baking Soda or Sodium Bi-carbonate (NaHCO3)
Used as neutralising agent (antacid)
Used for making baking powder
Used in fire extinguisher
Bleaching Powder or Calcium Hypochlorite
Used as bleaching agent in cotton industry and paper industry for bleaching cotton and linen as well as wood pulp respectively
Used for disinfecting drinking water
Used for making chloroform (CHCl3)
Used for making the wool unshrinkable
Plaster of Paris or Hemihydrate Calcium sulphate, CaSO4 1/2 H2O
Used in hospital for setting fractured bone
Used for making toys, decoration material cheap ornament, chalk etc
Used for fire-proofing material
Used for making surface smooth.
The name of the salt comes from the name of acid. For Example- Hydrochloride acids are called Chlorides, Sulphuric Acid are called Sulphates, Nitric Acid are called Nitrates, Carbonic acid are called Carbonates, and Acetic acid are called acetates.