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List of Various Development and Employment Programmes in India – at a Glance

Every government launches various programmes to provide various kinds of facilities to its citizens. These programmes may be related to the field of education, health, electricity, employment and social upliftment of all the citizens. Examples of some programmes are: Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY) and Digital India Programme etc.
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Every government launches various programmes to provide various kinds of facilities to its citizens. These programmes may be related to the field of education, health, electricity, employment and social upliftment of all the citizens. Some programmes are like Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY) and Digital India Programme etc. are helping the weaker sections of the society.

Anti Poverty & Employment Generation Programmes in India

List of some important programmes are given below:-

S.N.

Programme

Year of Launching

Objective/ Description

1.

Green Revolution

1966-67

To increase the production of food grains, especially wheat production.

2.

Training rural youth for self Empowerment (TRYSEM)

1979

Programme for  training of rural youth to make them employed

3.

Jawahar Rojgar Yojna

1989

For providing employment to rural employed

4.

Mahila Samriddhi Yojna

Oct. 2, 1993

To encourage the rural women to deposit money in post office saving accounts

5.

Mid day Meal Scheme

Aug. 2015

To give a boost to universalisation of primary education by increasing the enrolment, attendance and nutritional status of the children.

6.

Katurba Gandhi Education Scheme

Aug. 15, 1997

To establish girl school in districts having low female literacy rate.

7.

Swarn Jayanti Shahri rojgar Yojna

1997

To provide gainful employment to urban employment and under employed poor through self employment or wage employment.

8.

Annaporna Yojna

1999

To provide 10 kgs. Food grains to senior citizens (who did not get pension)

9.

Swarn Jayanti Gram Swarozgar yojna

April 1, 1999

For eliminating rural poverty and unemployment and promoting self employment.

10.

Jan shree Bima Yojna

Aug.2010

Providing insurance security to people living below poverty line

11.

Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yojna

Dec. 25, 2000

To fulfill basic requirements in rural areas

12.

Antyodaya Anna Yojna

Dec. 2000

To provide food security to poor

13.

Pradhan Mantra Gram Sadak Yojna

Dec. 2000

To connect all the roads with Pacca road

14.

Sarva Siksha Abhiyan

2001

Lunched in whole country to provide useful and relevant  elementary education for all children in the age group of 6-14

15.

Sampoorna Gramin Rojgar Yojna

Sep. 2001

Providing employment and food security

16.

Valmiki Ambedkar Awas Yojna

Dec. 2001

Constructing slum houses in urban areas

17.

Janani Suraksha Yojna

April 2005

Providing care to expectant mother

18.

Bharat Nirman Programme

Dec.2005

Development of rural infrastructure including six components: irrigation, water supply,, housing, road, telephone, and electricity.

19.

Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment guarantee scheme

Feb. 2006

 

20.

National Food Security Mission

May, 29, 2007

To increase production and productivity of wheat, rice and pulses on a sustainable basis so as to ensure food security of the country.

21.

National Rural Livelihood Mission

June, 2011

Restructured from swarna jayanti gram swarojgar yojna

22.

 National Urban Livelihood Mission

Sept. 23, 2013

Restructured from swarna jayanti shahri swarojgar yojna

23.

Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojna

October, 11, 2014

To develop model vilage

24.

Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojna

August 28, 2014

To provide bank account to poor (Financial Inclusion)

25.

Deen Dayal Upadhyay Sramev Jayate Scheme

October 16, 2014

To improve employability , skill development and other convenience for labour

26.

Sukanya Samriddhi Account Yojna

22 Jan 2015

A small deposit scheme for girl child

27.

Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana

May 9, 2015

Life insurance of Rs. 2 lakh with a premium of Rs. 330 per year. It is run by ministry of finance.

28.

Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana

May 9, 2015

Accidental Insurance with a premium of Rs. 12 per year.            It is run by ministry of finance.

29.

Atal Pension Yojana

May 9, 2015

Social Sector Scheme pertaining to Pension Sector

30.

Digital India Programme

July 1, 2015

Aims to ensure that government services are available to citizens electronically and people get benefited from the latest information and communication technology

31.

Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojna

July 15 2015

To provide skill training to 1.4 million youths (implemented by the ministry of skill development)

32.

Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY)

June 25, 2015

To enable better living and drive economic growth stressing on the need for people centric urban planning and development.

33.

Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT)

June 25, 2015

To enable better living and drive economic growth stressing on the need for people centric urban planning and development.

34.

Smart Cities Mission

June 25, 2015

To enable better living and drive economic growth stressing on the need for people centric urban planning and development.

35.

Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana

May 1, 2016

Launched to provide free LPG connections to women from below poverty line families.

Welfare Programmes by the Government of India

 

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