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Multidimensional Poverty Index

25-JUL-2014 15:56

    Origin

    Multidimensional Poverty Index was started in the year 2010 by Oxford Poverty and Human Development scheme & UNDP. It uses dissimilar factors to find out poverty beyond income - based lists. It replaces the preceding Human Poverty Index.

    Definition of MPI

    The Multidimensional Poverty Index is a catalog of acute multi - dimensional poverty. It shows the number of people who are multi-dimensionally underprivileged & the number of deprivations with which poor households characteristically compete.

    The index uses 3 dimensions as the Human Development Index:

    • Health
    • Education
    • Standard of living

    These are measured using the following indicators:

    Health: Child Mortality, Nutrition

    Education: Years of school, Children enrolled

    Living Standards: Cooking fuel, Toilet, Water, Electricity, Floor, Assets

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