Multidimensional Poverty Index was started in the year 2010 by Oxford Poverty and Human Development scheme & UNDP. It uses dissimilar factors to find out poverty beyond income - based lists. It replaces the preceding Human Poverty Index.
Definition of MPI
The Multidimensional Poverty Index is a catalog of acute multi - dimensional poverty. It shows the number of people who are multi-dimensionally underprivileged & the number of deprivations with which poor households characteristically compete.
The index uses 3 dimensions as the Human Development Index:
• Standard of living
These are measured using the following indicators:
Health: Child Mortality, Nutrition
Education: Years of school, Children enrolled
Living Standards: Cooking fuel, Toilet, Water, Electricity, Floor, Assets