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15-DEC-2010 12:01

Governor : Nikhil Kumar
Chief Minister : Neiphiu Rio
Capital : Kohima
Legislature : Unicameral
Lok Sabha seats : 1
Judicature : Guwahati High Court
Languages : Angami, Ao, Konyak, Sema
Population density : 120/sq km
No of Districts : 8
Main crops : Rice, wheat, maize, pulses
Rivers : Dansiri, Doyang, Dikhu, Barak
Minerals : Coal, limestone, petroleum, marble
Industries : None
Airport : Dimapur

The State is mostly mountainous except those areas bordering Assam valley. The Naga Hills run through this state. Mount Saramati is the highest peak in Nagaland with a height of 3,840 metres and its range forms a natural barrier between Nagaland and Myanmar.

Medieval chronicles of the Ahom kingdom of Assam talk of the Naga tribes. The Myanmar invasion of Assam in 1816 was followed by the establishment of British rule in 1826. By 1892, British administration covered the entire Naga territory, with the exception of the Tuensang area. After independence in 1947, Naga territory initially remained a part of Assam, after which there was a strong nationalist pressure for the political union of the Naga tribes. In 1957, an agreement was signed between the Naga leaders and the Indian government, following which the Naga Hill districts of Assam and the Tuensang division to the north-east were brought together under a single unit, directly administered by the Indian government. However, unrest continued and another accord was reached at the Naga People's Convention meeting of July I960. According to this accord, it was decided that Nagaland should become a constituent state of the Indian Union.


 1957 - Agreement signed between the Naga leaders and the Indian government

 1 December 1963 - Nagaland became a state of Union

 1964 - democratically elected government took office

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