The North Atlantic Council (NAC) is the apex body political decision-making body of North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO). It was established through article 9 of North Atlantic Treaty in 1949. It oversees the political and military process relating to security issues affecting the whole Alliance.
Power and Functions of North Atlantic Council
North Atlantic Council draws power to form subsidiary body for various policy formulations from North Atlantic Treaty. It meets at least every week and often more frequently, at the level of permanent representatives; it meets twice a year at the level of ministers of foreign affairs, three times a year at the level of ministers of defence, and occasionally at the summit level with the participation of prime ministers and heads of state and government. It has an important public profile and issues declarations and communiqués explaining the Alliance's policies and decisions.
The Secretary General of NATO chaired the meeting of the NAC and, when decisions have to be made; action is agreed upon on the basis of unanimity and common accord. There is no voting or decision by majority. Each nation represented at the NAC table or on any of its subordinate committees retains complete sovereignty and responsibility for its own decisions.
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