Sunga, Kanva and Chedi Dynasty
Sunga Dynasty spanned from 185 BC to 73 BC and Kanva Dynasty spanned from 73 BC to 28 BC. The capital of Sunga Dynasty was Vidisha (MP) and the capital of Kanva Dynasty was Patliputra.
Sunga Dynasty (185 BC to 73 BC)
Sunga Dynasty was established by Pushyamitra Sunga, in 185 BC. Pushyamitra Sunga was a Brahmin Commander-in-Chief of last Mauryan ruler called Brihadratha.
The major points related to Sunga Dynasty are as following:
Pushyamitra Sunga was a staunch supporter of orthodox Hinduism
He was succeeded by his son Agnimitra who was a male protagonist in Kalidasa’s drama Malvikagnimitra.
Agnimitra was followed by some weak rulers such as Vajramitra, Devabhuti, Vasumitra and Bhagabhadra.
Bharhut Stupa, a famous monument was made during Sunga period.
The examples of Sunga Art are Chaitya, Vihar, Stupa of Bhaja and Nasika Chaitya.
Kanva Dynasty (73 BC to 28 BC)
The last ruler of the Sunga Dynasty, Devabhuti was murdered in 73 BC and a new dynasty called Kanva Dynasty was founded by Vasudeva. Vasudeva was Devabhuti’s minister. The Kanva Dynasty lasted till 28 B.C.
The other kings of Kanva Dynasty was Bhumimitra, Narayana, and Susharman. The Kanva Dynasty was put to an end by the ruler of Satavahana Dynasty.
Chedi Dynasty of Kalinga:
A new dynasty emerged in Kalinga in 1st Century BC known as Cheti or Chedi Dynasty. We get information about from Hathigumpha inscription located near Bhubaneshwar, Orissa. The inscription was engraved by Kharavela, the 3rd ruler of Chedi Dynasty. Kahravela was a follower of Jainism. The Chedi Dynasty is also famous as the Cheta, or the Chetavamsa. Kharavela, therefore, mentioned in his inscription that he enhanced the glory of the dynasty of Chetaraja (Chetarajavasa Vadhanena).
The Chedi Dynasty of Kalinga, therefore, is also known as the Mahameghavahana Family. The title speaks of the power of the rulers. The epithet Mahameghavahana means the ‘Lord of the Great Clouds’ who uses the clouds as his vehicle. It may mean that the kings were as powerful as Indra.